Friday, February 24, 2017

Royal Profile: Archduchess Magdalena of Austria

Archduchess Magdalena Maria Alexandra Zita Charlotte of Austria was born on 24 Februrary 2016 as the second daughter of Archduke Imre of Austria and Archduchess Kathleen of Austria {Source}. She has an older sister{Source}:
  • Archduchess Maria-Stella Elizabeth Christiana Yolande Alberta of Austria (2013)

Archduchess Magdalena was likely named:
  • Magdalena: for her ancestress Archduchess Magdalena of Austria (1532-1590)
  • Maria: popular name in the Austrian line, for the Virgin Mary
  • Alexandra: likely  for Alexandra Deptula, a friend of her mother
  • Zita: for her great-great grandmother Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma
  • Charlotte: for her great grandmother, Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte of Luxembourg, Princess of Belgium
She resides in Luxembourg with her parents and older sister {Source}. Archduchess Magdalena was baptized in April 2016, again, with no word on who her godparents were {Photo}

Royal Profile: Arrietta Morales y de Grecia

Arrietta Morales y de Grecia was born 24 February 2002 in Barcelona, Spain, the eldest of Princess Alexia of Greece & Denmark and Carlos Morales's children{Source}. She has two younger sisters and a younger brother{Source}:

  • Ana-Maria Morales y de Grecia(2003)
  • Carlos Morales y de Grecia (2005)
  • Amelia Morales y de Grecia(2007)

She was baptized on 30 June 2002 {Source}. Her godparents consisted of{Source}:

  • Princess Theodora of Greece (maternal aunt)
  • Maria Teresa Morales (paternal aunt)
  • Infanta Cristina of Spain (1st cousin of her mother) 
  • Manuel Cabrera (friend of her father) 
  • and an unknown Greek friend of her mother 
She resides in Puerto Calero, Lanzarote, Canary Islands in a house designed by her father {Source}.

She is the granddaughter of Queen Anne-Marie of The Hellenes & King Constantine II of Greece. Technically, she is biologically related to the following monarchs and/or consorts (current and former):

  • Queen Elizabeth II is her 3rd cousin 2x removed, through The Princess Victoria, The Princess Royal.
  • The Duke of Edinburgh is her 1st cousins 3x removed, through King George I of Greece.
  • Queen Margrethe II of Denmark is 3rd cousin 2x removed, through The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn as well as her great aunt from her grandmother's side.
  • King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is her 2nd cousins 2x removed, through Queen Victoria.
  • King Juan Carlos I of Spain is 3rd cousins 1x removed, through Queen Victoria.
  • Queen Sofia of Spain is great aunt though King Paul and Queen Fredrica-Arrietta's grandfather is Queen Sofia's younger brother.

Technically, she is 8th in line for the Greek throne after her uncle, 4 cousins, mother and brother.

Royal Profile: Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duke of Castro

Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Siclles, The Duke of Castro was born 24 February 1963 as the only son of Ferdinand, Duke of Castro and Chantal de Chevron-Villette {Source}. He has He he baptized in France with the name Charles Marie Bernade Gennaro, but he generally uses the Italian form of his name, Carlo {Source}.

The Duke of Castro has two elder sisters, and between them they have four children{Source}:
  1. Princess Béatrice Marie Caroline Louise Françoise of the Two Sicilies (1950)
    1. Princess Caroline Marie Constance Napoléon (1980)
    2. Prince Jean-Christophe Napoléon (1986)
  2. Princess Anne Marie Caroline Carmen of the Two Sicilies (1957)
    1. Nicolas Cochin (1979)
    2. Dorothée Cochin (1985)
Prince Carlo was educated firstly at the Institute of the Marist Fathers at Toulon, France{Source}. He went on to study at a namesake of the Collège Stanislas de Paris{Source}. After studying at an international university in Paris, he spent three years working for a public relations firm in New York, NY USA {Source}. He is fluent in Italian, French and English {Source}.

In 2008, Carlo succeeded his father as claimant to the headship of the House of the Two Sicilies. As head of the house, he uses the title Duke of Castro{Source}.

On 31 October 1998, he married Camilla Crocini {Source}. Together, they have two daughters{Source}:

  1. Princess Maria Carolina, Hereditary Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Palermo (2003) 
  2. Princess Maria Chiara of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Capri (2005) 
He and his family maintain homes in Monaco, Paris and Rome{Source}.

He is also a Royal Godfather to two children:

  1. Prince Gaston d'Orléans (2009)
  2. Princess Josephine of Denmark (2011) {Source}

In his capacity as Grand Master of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George promotes and coordinates the activities beneficial - and cultural welfare of this ancient order of knighthood{Source}.

Thursday, February 23, 2017

Royal Profile: Princess Estelle of Sweden, The Duchess of Östergötland

Princess Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary of Sweden, The Duchess of Östergötland was born 23 February 2012 as the first child of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel {Source}. She has one younger brother{Source}:
  • Prince Oscar Carl Olof of Sweden, The Duke of Skåne (2016)

In accordance with the 1979 Act of Succession, which entered into force on 1 January 1980, Princess Estelle is second in the line of succession, following Crown Princess Victoria{Source}.

Princess Estelle was christened in the Royal Chapel at the Royal Palace on 22 May 2012{Source}. Her godparents were{Source}:

  • Anna Westling Soderstrom (paternal aunt)
  • Prince Carl Philip of Sweden (maternal uncle)
  • Crown Prince Haakon of Norway (friend of her parents, her mother is his eldest child's godmother)
  • King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (friend of her parents, her mother is his eldest child's godmother)
  • Crown Princess Mary of Denmark (friend of her parents, her mother is her eldest child's godmother)

Although she is only four years old, she already has a collection of Swedish Royal medals including:
  1. Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (23 February 2012, presented 22 May 2012) (received as she is part of the Royal Family){Photo}
  2. Commemorative Ruby Jubilee Medal of His Majesty The King (15 September 2013){Photo}

She almost shares a birthday with her cousin, Princess Leonore, who is the daughter of Princess Madeleine who was born 20 February 2014 {Source}.

Like her great aunts before her (her grandfather's sisters, Princess Christina, Princess Désirée, Princess Birgitta and Princess Margaretha), she is being raised at the Swedish Haga Palace. She began pre-school in August 2014, and is attending Äventyret Preschool{Source}.

Royal Profile: Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan

Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan was born 23 February 1960 as the eldest son of the then Crown Princely couple {Source}. During his childhood years, he was known as Prince Hiro-no-Miya {Source}. He was invested as Japan's Crown Prince on 23 February 1991, eleven years after his Coming of Age ceremony in 1980{Source}.

Today he serves as honorary vice president to the Japanese Red Cross and Honorary President of the United Nations Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation{Source}.

Like most of the Japanese Imperial Family, his educational background is extensive. He graduated from Gakushuin University with a degree in History {Source}.From 1983-1985, he studied at Merton College, University of Oxford{Source}. In 1988, he returned to Gakushuin to persue a doctorate degree in Humanities, but never finished{Source}. In 1992, he became a guest researcher for the archives of Gakushuin{Source}.

His engagement was formally announced by the Imperial House Council on 19 January 1993{Source}. His Engagement Ceremony took place on 19 January 1993 to Masako Owada{Source}. He married Owada on 9 June 1993{Source}. Together, they have one daughter{Source}:

  1. Princess Aiko, Princess Toshi-no-Miya (2001)

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Royal Profile: Katharine, The Duchess of Kent

Katharine, The Duchess of Kent was born Katharine Lucy Mary Worsley on 22 February 1933 as the only daughter of Colonel Sir William Arthington Worsley, 4th Bt. and Joyce Morgan Brunner {Source}. She had three older brothers, three sisters-in-law, and several nieces and nephews {Source}:
  1. Sir William Marcus John Worsley, 5th Bt.(1925-2012)
    1. The Hon. Bridget Assheton (1926, m. 1955)
      1. Sir William Ralph Worsley, 6th Bt.(1956)
        1. Marie-Noëlle Dreesmann (m. 1987)
          1. Isabella Claire Worsley (1988)
          2. Francesca Sylvia Worsley (1992)
          3. Marcus William Bernard Worsley(1995)
      2. Sarah Marianne Worsley(1958)
        1. Martin Stephen Robert Elwes (m. 1984)
          1. James Robert Elwes(1986)
          2. Sophie Bridget Elwes (1988)
          3. Hugo Marcus Elwes(1991)
      3. Giles Arthington Worsley(1961-2006)
        1. Joanna Beaufort Pitman (m. 1996)
          1. Alice Beaufort Worsley(1998)
          2. Emma Sylvia Worsley (2000)
          3. Lucy Jennifer Worsley (2002)
      4. Peter Marcus Worsley(1963)
        1. Catherine Marie Paule Hirtz
          1. Margot Joyce Worsley (2001)
          2. Hector Felix Arthington Worsley (2002)
          3. Matilda Bridget Worsley (2005)
  2. George Oliver Worsley (1927-2010)
    1. Penelope Susanne Fleetwood Fuller (m. 1966)
      1. Georgina Joyce Worsley (1967)
        1. Tjden Lane (m. 1990, later divorced)
          1. Molly Lane (1991)
          2. Marcus Oliver Lane(1993)
      2. David Christopher Worsley (1969)
        1. Victoria Louise Lane (m.2001)
      3. Richard Oliver Arthington Worsley (1972)
      4. Anne Penelope Worsley (1974)
  3. John Arthington Worsley (1928-)
    1. Hon. Carolyn Mary Wynyard Hardinge (m. 1954)
      1. Willa Victoria Worsley (1955)
      2. Henry John Worsley(1958)
        1. Janet deBoer (m. 1988)
          1. Jennifer Worsley (1989)
          2. Nichole Worsley (1990)
          3. Richard Worsley(1993)
      3. Jonathan Hugh Worsley(1960)
        1. Laura Pitfield (m. 1987)
          1. Nicholas Worsley (1988)
          2. Oliver Worsley(1990)
          3. Hugo Worsley(1992)
          4. Charlotte Worsley(1995)
      4. Dickon Carol Worsley(1966)
        1. Catharine Lewis (m. 1994)
          1. Audra Worsley (1995)
      5. Katharine Margot Worsley (1968)
        1. Paul Guthrie (m. 2001)

She married Prince Edward , The Duke of Kent on 8 June 1961 and together, they have the following children and grandchildren{Source}:
  1. George Philip Nicholas Windsor,The Earl of St. Andrews (1962)
    1. Sylvana Windsor, The Countess of St. Andrews
      1. Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick (1988)
      2. The Lady Marina-Charlotte Windsor (1992)
      3. The Lady Amelia Windsor (1995)
  2. The Lady Helen Windsor (1964)
    1. Mr. Timothy Taylor
      1. Mr. Columbus George Donald Taylor (1994)
      2. Mr. Cassius Edward Taylor (1996)
      3. Miss Eloise Olivia Katherine Taylor (2003)
      4. Miss Estella Olga Elizabeth Taylor (2004)
  3. Lord NicholasWindsor (1970)
    1. Paola. The Countess Doimi de Lupis
      1. Master Albert Louis Philip Edward Windsor (2007)
      2. Master Leopold Ernest Augustus Guelph Windsor (2009)
      3. Master Louis Arthur Nicholas Felix Windsor (2014)
  4. Still born unnamed child (1977)
She preferred to be known as "Katharine Kent" rather than The Duchess of Kent. She often represents Queen Elizabeth II and served as chancellor or patron of many organizations including{Source}{Source}:
  • Leeds University (1965-1998, Chancellor)
  • National Foundation for Youth Music (London) (Trustee)
  • Royal Northern College of Music (Manchester) (former board member and past president)
  • Aldeburgh Productions (ambassador)
  • NCH Action For Children (President)
  • Macmillan Cancer Relief (board member and president)
  • London Committee of the Manchester Christie (Cancer) Hospital Appeal (committee chair)'
  • RUC Benevolent Fund (chair)
  • Queensland Conservatorium (patron)

The Duchess of Kent has traveled the world for UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Fund) and VSO (Voluntary Services Overseas), highlighting specific areas of deprivation{Source}. In 1999 she visited Cambodia, Macedonia and Nepal {Source}.She has been Visitor to the Hong Kong Academy of Performing Arts. The Duchess of Kent holds the Honorary Freedom of four of the ancient City companies: the Worshipful Companies of Clothworkers, Dyers, Glaziers, and the Coachmakers and Coach Harness Makers{Source}.

In 2004, The Duchess of Kent together with Nicholas Robinson (Headmaster, King's College School, Cambridge) launched Future Talent, a children's music charity dedicated to finding, funding and nurturing exceptionally talented young musicians in the UK{Source}.

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Royal Profile: Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma

Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma was born 21 February 2014 as the first child of Prince Jaime of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi & Princess Viktória of Bourbon-Parma, Countess of Bardi{Source}. She is a granddaughter of Princess Irene of the Netherlands and late Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma. Shebecame a big sister in 2016 to{Source}{Source}:

  • Princess Gloria Irene of Bourbon-Parma (2016)

Princess Zita was named:

  • Zita: for her great-great aunt Empress Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgunde Michaele Raphaele Gabriele Josephine Antonie Louise Agnes of Bourbon-Parma
  • Clara: for her maternal great grandmother
She had a double baptism with her cousin, Alaïa-Maria Brenninkmeijer, on October 4, 2014 at Noordwijk aan Zee in the Netherlands{Source}. Her godparents are:

  • King Willem-Alexander I of The Netherlands (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  • Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  • Princess Maria-Teresa of Bourbon-Parma (paternal great aunt)
  • Dorothea ter Riet-Bartos (maternal grandmother)
  • Jacco Eltingh (friend of her parents)

In 2014, her father was appointed ambassador for The Netherlands to The Holy See, therefore it is likely she and her parents reside in or around there{Source}.

Royal Profile: Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este

Prince Amedeo Marie Joesph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary & Bohemia was born 21 February 1986 at the University Clinic of St. Luc in Belgium, the eldest child of Princess Astrid, Archduchess of Austria-Este & Prince Lorenz, Archduke of Austria-Este {Source}. He has three younger sisters and a younger brother{Source}:

  1. Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1988)
  2. Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (1991)
  3. Princess Luisa Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1995)
  4. Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (2003)

His godparents wee his grandmother, Queen Paola, and his maternal uncle, Prince Philippe, The Duke of Brabant {Source}.

He attended Sint Jan Berchmans College for his early education until 2001{Source}. He then moved on to Sevenoaks College in Kent, England from 2001-2004 {Source}. He then went on to attend Belgium's Royal Military Academy from 2004-2005{Source}, and then went back to England to study at the London School of Economics from 2005-June 2008{Source}. Upon graduation from LSE, he took a gap year to travel and better his Spanish language skills {Source}

He is very atheletic. He ran the New York Marathon in 2008, and plays rugby. In September 2009, he moved to New York City to work for Deloitte, a financial services company{Source}.

Presently, he is the hereditary prince of the Archduchary of Austria-Este, 5th in line for the Austro-Hungary throne, and 7th for the Belgian throne.

He is a reserve officer in the Belgian Army, whee he serves as a Second Lieutenant oof the Regiment Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn-Grenadiers.

He is became a godfather in 2001, to his cousin, and future monarch, Princess Elisabeth{Source}.

Due to his being so far down on the Belgian throne line, his mother is fiercely private about his life, therefore he makes limited public appearances on behalf of Belgium.

The 31 year old Prince was married on 5 July 2014, and relocated from New York, USA to Belgium after the wedding. Together, they have a daughter:

  • Archduchess Anna Astrid of Austria-Este (2016)11:59am

At the time of their wedding, no royal decree was issued granting her the title Her Royal Highness Princess of Belgium. However, it has been speculated as to why no such decree has yet to be issued. Some say that is was due to other government matters (such as the current world economic crisis) were taking priority over someone's title matters, other sources say it was because Prince Amedeo did not seek government authorization (as required by Belgian law) for the marriage, therefore he automatically loses his rights to the Belgian throne-however, neither has yet to be confirmed by the Royal Court or Belgian Government. More than a year after the wedding he applied for retroactive approval of their marriage with his uncle and it was approved retroactively.Due to a new royal decree issued by his uncle that entitles only those of the heir and present monarch the title Prince/ss of Belgium, their future children will not hold the title Prince/ss of Belgium.However, due to Prince Amedeo also being a paternal heir to the titles Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary & Bohemia, their children and his wife will hold those titles.

Royal Profile: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck was born 21 February 1980 as the son of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and is the current reigning Druk Gyalpo or Dragon King, of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}.

He attended to his primary education in Bhutan, before studying his upper secondary education abroad in the UK and US{Source}. He attended a special program at the National Defense College in India in 2005{Source}. He has also received several honorary doctorates from the following universities including{Source}:
  • University of New Brunswick(Canda)
  • Rangsit University (Thailand)
  • Calcutta University (India)
  • Keio University (Japan)
His father abdicated in 2006, and he became King on 9 December 2006{Source}. A public corranation ceremony was held on 1 November 2008{Source}. In addition to his regular duties as King of Bhutan, he oversees the Royal University of Bhutan as Chancellor; Patron of the Bhutan Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Patron of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies and the European Convention of Bhutan Societies; President, Bhutan India Friendship Association{Source}.

Since the formal coronation, King Jigme Khesar's first landmark project was the launching of the National Cadastral Resurvey in March 2009{Source}.The program is aimed at resolving long-standing land issues of excess land that affects every Bhutanese household{Source}. The King has also been giving land to landless farmers around the country. The on-going project takes the King to remote villages and communities{Source}.

On 20 May 2011, the King announced his engagement to Jetsun Pema{Source}. They Royal Couple were married on 13 October 2011 in the Punakha Dzong{Source}. During the ceremony the King also received the Crown of the Druk Gyal-tsuen (Queen) from the most sacred Machhen temple of the Dzong and bestowed it on Her Majesty Jetsun Pema, hereby formally proclaiming her the Queen of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}. On 5 February 2016, Queen Jetsun Pema gave birth to the couple's first child, The Gyalsey {Photos} {Source}

Royal Profile: 66 Facts about King Harald V of Norway

  1. King Harald V of Norway was born on 21 February 1937 as the third child and only son of Crown Prince Olav (the future King Olav V, 1903-1991) and Crown Princess Märtha (1901-1954) {Source}. 
  2. He had two older sisters {Source}:
    1. Princess Ragnhild (1930-2012)
    2. Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner (1932)
  3. He had two brothers-in-law{Source}:
    1. Erling Lorentzen (1923-)
    2. Johann Martin Ferner (1927-2015)
  4. He has the following nephews:
    1. Haakon Lorentzen (1954)
    2. Ingeborg Lorentzen (1957) 
    3. Ragnhild Lorentzen (1968)
  5. King Harald V has the following nieces{Source}:
    1. Ingeborg Lorentzen Ribeiro (1957) 
    2. Ragnhild Lorentzen (1968) 
    3. Ms. Cathrine Ferner (1962)
    4. Mr. Benedikte Ferner (1963)
    5. Mr. Alexander Ferner (1965)
    6. Mrs. Elisabeth Ferner Beckmann (1969)
    7. Mr. Carl-Christian Ferner (1972)
  6. He has the following nieces and nephews-in-law {Source}:
    1. Martha Carvalho de Freitas (1958)
    2. Martha Carvalho de Freitas (1958, m. 1982) 
    3. Paulo César Ribeiro Filho (m 1982)
    4. Aaron Long (m. 2003)
  7. He has the following great-nephews{Source}:
    1. Olav Alexander Lorentzen (1985)
    2. Christian Frederik Lorentzen (1988)
    3. Mr. Sebastian Ferner Johansen (1990).
    4. Mr. Edward Ferner (1996)
    5. Master Benjamin Ferner Beckmann (1999)
  8. He has the following great nieces{Source}:
    1. Sophia Anne Lorentzen (1994)
    2. Victoria Ragina Ribeiro Sampaio (1988)
    3. Alexandra Long (2007)
    4. Elizabeth Long (2011)
  9. He has the following great nieces and nephews-in-law{Source}:
    1. Felipe Sampaio Falcão (m. 2014)
  10. He has the following greatx2 nieces and nephews{Source}:
    1. Frederik Sven Falcao (2016)
  11. At the time of his birth, the Norwegian Constitution of 1884 stipulated that only male heirs could inherit the throne, this was amended in 1990 to include females and the eldest child regardless of gender{Source}.
  12. He was the first prince born in Norway in 567 years{Source}. 
  13. His early years wehre spent at his parents' estate, Skaugum{Source} (Skaugum would later become his official residence before giving it to his son as his official residence).
  14. However, in April 1940, things changed when the Germans invaded Norway{Source}. The Royal family, members of the government and most members of the Norweigan Storting escaped the country by train{Source}. 
  15. Once the family reached the city of Elverum, his father left the family to continue the journey to safety with their three children{Source}. 
  16. First, he traveled with his mother and sisters to Sweden (where his mother is a birth-right Princess and his maternal grandfather was the son of King Oscar II){Source}. 
  17. After several months there, the royal family continued to the United States, where they remained for the remainder of the war{Source}.
  18. After the war ended in 1945, the Royal Family returned to Norway, where the young prince began school at Smestad School{Source}. 
  19. During his education, he had a security guard stationed outside his classroom, but other than that, his educational experience did not differ from other children{Source}. He completed his upper-secondary education in 1955 at the Olso Cathedral School{Source}.
  20. Upon graduation, he entered the Norwegian Cavalry Officers’ Training School and went on to finish his military education at the Military Academy in 1959{Source}. 
  21. Upon completion of his compulsory military service, the Crown Prince went to Oxford for further study{Source}.
  22.  He attended Balliol College from 1960 to 1962, studying social science, history and economics{Source}.
  23. His grandfather died in September 1957, leaving his father to reign as King and he as Crown Prince{Source}. 
  24. Upon this event, he attended his first Council of State meeting for the first time{Source}. 
  25. After his father reign officially began, he began to increase his number of official tasks, such as travelling with trade delegations to promote Norwegian industry abroad{Source}.
  26.  In 1960, Crown Prince Harald attended his first official state visit abroad, where he attended the 50th anniversary of the American-Scandinavian Foundation in the United States{Source}.
  27. In March 1968, his engagement to commoner Sonja Haraldsen was announced after a nine-year courtship{Source}. 
  28. Reportedly, his father originally did not approve of the match due to her being a commoner, but Crown Prince Harald stood his ground and refused to marry anyone but Sonja. 
  29. They were married on 29 August 1968{Source}. 
  30. Together, they have two children:{Source}:
    1. Princess Märtha Louise(1971)
    2. Crown Prince Haakon of Norway (1973)
  31. He has one daughter-in-law and a soon-to-be former son-in-law:
    1. Mr. Ari Behn (1972, m.2002,  separated 2016)
    2. Crown Princess Mette-Marit (1973, m. 2001)
  32. He has the following granddaughters{Source}:
    1. Miss Maud Angelica Behn (2003)
    2. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004)
    3. Miss Leah Isadora Behn (2005)
    4. Miss Emma Tallulah Behn (2008)
  33. He has a step-grandson and a grandson{Source}:
    1. Mr. Marius Borg Høiby (1997, Crown Prince Haakon's step-son)
    2. Prince Severe Magunus of Norway (2005)
  34. His father fell ill in the spring of 1990, Crown Prince Harald began attending to the affairs of the state as Crown Prince Regent{Source}. 
  35. When his father passed away in 17 January 1991, Crown Prince Harald immediately became King Harald, and he swore to oath to uphold the Constitution of Norway in the Storting{Source}. 
  36. The Queen was also present at the ceremony, which was the first time since Queen Maud{Source}.
  37. In accordance with their own wishes, the King and Queen were consecrated in Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim on 23 June 1991{Source}. 
  38. In connection with the consecration, the King and Queen conducted a 10-day tour of Southern Norway{Source}. The following year, the entire Royal Family conducted a 22-day tour of Norway’s four northernmost counties{Source}. 
  39. Since the introduction of parliamentarism in 1884, the official duties of the King have been primarily ceremonial as the custodian of royal tradition{Source}. 
  40. The King heads the Council of State every Friday, and formally opens the new session of the Storting each year in October{Source}.
  41.  No acts of legislation or decisions approved by the Council of State are valid until sanctioned by the King and countersigned by the prime minister{Source}.
  42.  While the language of the Constitution still states that the executive power is vested in the King, the actual power lies with the Government{Source}. 
  43. The King has an important role to play during a change of government{Source}. 
  44. Usually, the retiring prime minister will advise the King on who should assume the role of the new prime minister{Source}. 
  45. If the parliamentary situation is unclear, however, the King must exercise his own discretion in selecting a new prime minister{Source}.
  46. The King and Queen pay official state visits to other countries, and act as host to foreign heads of state visiting Norway {Source}.
  47.  The King holds official audiences at the Palace for newly-appointed ambassadors of foreign countries who are delivering their credentials{Source}. 
  48. King Harald holds the rank of General in the Army and Air Force, and of Admiral in the Navy.
  49.  He is the nation’s highest-ranking officer.The day-to-day activities conducted at the Royal Palace in Oslo include official audiences, and discussions with the prime minister, foreign minister and representatives from the armed forces{Source}. 
  50. The King frequently pays visits to private and public institutions on his journeys to various parts of the country{Source}.
  51.  Every year the King and Queen pay a visit to a county in Norway, which each visits last 2-3 days, during which time they pay visits to several municipalities{Source}. 
  52. The King and Queen often use the Royal Yacht Norge to travel along the Norwegian coast{Source}. 
  53. Every year in the afternoon of 17 May, the King and Queen visit one of Oslo’s districts{Source}. 
  54. This gives them the opportunity to meet the population and gain an insight into the various activities taking place throughout the capital{Source}. The King receives many invitations to events and commemorative activities all over the country, and tries, as far as his programme will allow, to be present{Source}. 
  55. In recent years the King has also become involved in issues related to welfare and conditions for children{Source}. The King regularly receives letters from children whose everyday lives are difficult, and has on occasion received children and groups of children for talks at the Palace{Source}. 
  56. In the little spare time that King Harald has, he enjoys sports and outdoor receation, and is an active hunter and fisherman{Source}. 
  57. During Olympic years, he and Queen Sonja can often be seen at events, cheering on "their" team{Source}. 
  58. The King and Queen were actively involved in connection with the 1994 Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer. 
  59. The King served as honorary chair of the Lillehammer Olympic Organising Committee.In 1964 he carried the Norwegian flag during the opening ceremony for the Olympic Summer Games in Tokyo{Source}.
  60. The King was Chairman of the Advisory Board of the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in 1982{Source}. 
  61. During the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oslo in 2011 he was present as an interested spectator at all the events{Source}. 
  62. In January 2011 the King was awarded the Sports Gala Honorary Award at the annual Sports Gala{Source}. 
  63. The King has distinguished himself on several occasions in national and international sailing competitions{Source}.
  64.  In 1987 King Harald and his crew won the World Championships with his one-tonne yacht, the Fram X, and in 2005 they won the European Championships with the Fram XV{Source}.
  65. The King remains an avid yachtsman, participating in national and international regattas each year{Source}.
  66. He shares a birthday with:
    1. King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan (1980)
    2. Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (1986)
    3. Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma (2014)