Saturday, February 28, 2015

Royal Profile:James Robert Bruce Ogilvy

James Robert Bruce Ogilvy is the elder of two children of Princess Alexandra of Kent, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy and Sir Angus Ogilvy and he was born on 29 February 1964** {Source}. He has a younger sister, Ms. Mariana Victoria Alexandra Ogilvy {Source}.

He was the first of four royal babies born in 1964-the others being{Source}:
  • The Prince Edward (10 March) (his 2nd cousin through his mother)
  • The Lady Helen Windsor (28 April)(his 1st cousin, her father is the present Duke of Kent)
  • The Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones (1 May)(his second cousin through his mother)

At his birth, he was 13th in line for the throne, as of January 2014 and the birth of Miss Mia Grace Tindall, he is 46th {Source}.

He was baptized, and one of his seven godparents was Queen Elizabeth II {Source}. He himself became a godfather in 1990, to Princess Eugenie of York {Source} {Source}

He, like his younger second cousins 1x removed (Prince William, and Prince Harry), attended Eton College{Source}. He also attended the University of St. Andrews{Source}. His daughter, Flora would later follow in his footsteps by also attending St. Andrews {Source}

In 1996, he launched a new magazine called Luxury Briefing{Source}. However, in 2010, he resigned from his position as publisher and sold the magazine to the Luxury Business Group{Source}

He married Julia Caroline Rawlinson on 30 July 1988 and they have two children{Source}:
  • Flora Alexandra Ogilvy (1994)
  • Alexander Charles Ogilvy (1996)
Unlike his mother, he does not hold any royal titles or undertake any formal duties on behalf of the Crown. However, like most of the extended family, he was invited to family events such as the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall. He also attended The Cambridge Wedding in April 2011.


(**Ed Note: Yes, I am fully aware February only has 28 days this year. Yes, I have double crossed if he in fact was born on 29 February and if such date existed in 1964, which it in fact did...it was a Saturday)

Friday, February 27, 2015

Royal Profile: Countess Feodora Mathilde Helena af Rosenborg

Countess Feodora Mathilde Helena af Rosenborg was born 27 Februrary 1975, the youngest of three daughters of Count Christian af Rosenborg and Countess Anne af Rosenborg {Source}. Her two elder sisters were twins who have given her several nieces and nephews{Source}:
  1. Countess Josephine af Rosenborg (1972)
    1. Julius Christian Emil Schmidt(2001)
    2. Clara Dorthe Elisabeth Schmidt (2004)
  2. Countess Camilla af Rosenborg (1972)
    1. Anastasia Caroline Amalie Rosanes(1997)
    2. Ludwig Christian Mikael Rosanes (2000)
    3. Leopold Christian Ingolf Rosanes (2005)
    4. Theodor Christian John Rosanes (2008)
She has been married twice. She married Eric Hervè Patrice Patte on 31 July 2004, and they divorced in 2006 {Source}. On 26 September 2008, she married Morent Rønnow{Source}. On 1 Februrary 2009, she gave birth to her only child, Caroline-Mathilde Margareth Rønnow {Source}. Her daughter is presumably named for her great-grandmother, Hereditary Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark (wife of Hereditary Prince Knud) and Queen Margarethe II.



Due to her father marrying a commoner and him not seeking parliamentary approval, he lost his succession rights to the throne, as did Countess Feodora, her children, and sisters, as well as her nieces and nephews. Therefore, Countess Feodora and her family perform no public functions on behalf of the monarchy. Little is known about her. However, she did attend her father's funeral in May 2013 {Photos}.

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Royal Profile: Prince Ernest-August V of Hanover

Prince Ernst August Albert Paul Otto Rupprecht Oskar Berthold Friedrich-Ferdinand Christian-Ludwig of Hanover was born on 26 February 1954 as the eldest son of Ernst August, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick (1914-1987) and his first wife, Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1925-1980) {Source}. He has one older sister, two younger brothers and two younger sisters {Source}:
  • Princess Marie of Hanover, Countess von Houchberg (1952)
  • Prince Lugwig of Hanover (1955-1988)
  • Princess Olga of Hanover (1958)
  • Princess Alexandra of Hanover, Princess of Leiningen (1959)
  • Prince Heinrich of Hanover (1961)
He has been married twice. He was married to Chantal Hochuli from 1981-1997, producing two sons {Source}:
  • Prince Ernest August of Hanover (1983)
  • Prince Christian of Hanover (1985)
He married secondly to Princess Caroline of Monaco on 23 January 1999, together, they have one daughter{Source}:
  • Princess Alexandra Charlotte Ulrike Marym Virginia of Hanover (1999)
It is rumored (but has never been confirmed) that Prince Ernest and Princess Caroline separated when she moved back to Monaco. They have not been seen together publicly since 2009, however, his sons from his first marriage have been seen with her 

The prince is not without controversy! He was photographed urinating on the Turkish Pavilion at the Expo 2000 event in Hanover, causing a diplomatic incident and a complaint from the Turkish embassy accusing him of insulting the Turkish people. He successfully sued those who published (Bild-Zeitung) the photograph for invasion of privacy, obtaining an award of 9,900 euros, although the paper had previously published a photo of Ernst August urinating outside a hospital in Austria. In 2004, he was convicted of aggravated assault and causing grievous bodily harm after beating a man with a knuckleduster{Source}

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Royal Profile: Michael Torsten de Roumanie Kreuger

Michael Torsten de Roumanie Kreuger was born as the first child of Princess Irinia of Romania, Mrs. John W. Walker and Mr. John Kreuger on 25 February 1985{Source}. He has a younger sister {Source}:
  • Angelica Margaretta Bianca Kreuger (1986)
He married a woman named Tara Littlfield in February 2011{Source}. Together, they have a son named Kohen{Source}.

He was born in the United States, and thus is a US citizen. It is likely that he leads a normal private life, despite being a grandson of deposed royalty. 

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Royal Profile: Arrietta Morales y de Grecia

Arrietta Morales y de Grecia was born 24 February 2002 in Barcelona, Spain, the eldest of Princess Alexia of Greece & Denmark and Carlos Morales's children. She has two younger sisters and a younger brother.

She was baptized on 30 June 2002 {Source}. Her godparents consisted of{Source}:

  1. Princess Theodora of Greece (maternal aunt)
  2. Maria Teresa Morales (paternal aunt)
  3. Infanta Cristina of Spain (1st cousin of her mother) 
  4. Manuel Cabrera (friend of her father) 
  5. and an unknown Greek friend of her mother 

She resides in Puerto Calero, Lanzarote, Canary Islands in a house designed by her father {Source}.


She is the granddaughter of Queen Anne-Marie of The Hellenes & King Constantine II of Greece. Technically, she is biologically related to the following monarchs and/or consorts:

  • Queen Elizabeth II (3rd cousin 2x removed, through The Princess Victoria, The Princess Royal)
  • The Duke of Edinburgh (1st cousins 3x removed, through King George I of Greece)
  • Queen Margarethe II of Denmark (3rd cousin 2x removed, through The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn)
  • King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (2nd cousins 2x removed, through Queen Victoria)
  • King Juan Carlos I of Spain (3rd cousins 1x removed, through Queen Victoria)
  • Queen Sofia of Spain (great aunt though King Paul and Queen Fredrica-Arrietta's grandfather is Queen Sofia's younger brother)

Technically, she is 8th in line for the Greek throne after her uncle, 4 cousins, mother and brother.

Royal Profile: Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Siclles, The Duke of Castro

Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Siclles, The Duke of Castro was born 24 February 1963 as the only son of Ferdinand, Duke of Castro and Chantal de Chevron-Villette {Source}. He has He he baptized in France with the name Charles Marie Bernade Gennaro, but he generally uses the Italian form of his name, Carlo {Source}.

The Duke of Castro has two elder sisters, and between them they have four children{Source}:
  1. Princess Béatrice Marie Caroline Louise Françoise of the Two Sicilies (1950)
    1. Princess Caroline Marie Constance Napoléon ( 1980)
    2. Prince Jean-Christophe Napoléon (1986)
  2. Princess Anne Marie Caroline Carmen of the Two Sicilies (1957)
    1. Nicolas Cochin (1979)
    2. Dorothée Cochin (1985)
Prince Carlo was educated firstly at the Institute of the Marist Fathers at Toulon, France{Source}. He went on to study at a namesake of the Collège Stanislas de Paris{Source}. After studying at an international university in Paris, he spent three years working for a public relations firm in New York, NY USA {Source}. He is fluent in Italian, French and English {Source}.

In 2008, Carlo succeeded his father as claimant to the headship of the House of the Two Sicilies. As head of the house, he uses the title Duke of Castro{Source}.

On 31 October 1998, he married Camilla Crocini {Source}. Together, they have two daughters{Source}:
  1. HRH Princess Maria Carolina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Palermo (2003) 
  2. HRH Princess Maria Chiara of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Capri (2005) 

He and his family maintain homes in Monaco, Paris and Rome{Source}.

He is also a Royal Godfather to two children:
  1. Prince Gaston of Orléans (2009)
  2. Princess Josephine of Denmark (2011) {Source}

In his capacity as Grand Master of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George promotes and coordinates the activities beneficial - and cultural welfare of this ancient order of knighthood{Source}.

Monday, February 23, 2015

Royal Profile: Princess Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary of Sweden, The Duchess of Östergötland

Princess Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary of Sweden, The Duchess of Östergötland  was born 23 February 2012 as the first child of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel {Source}.

In accordance with the 1979 Act of Succession, which entered into force on 1 January 1980, Princess Estelle is second in the line of succession, following Crown Princess Victoria{Source}.

Princess Estelle was christened in the Royal Chapel at the Royal Palace on 22 May 2012{Source}. Her godparents were{Source}:
  • Anna Westling Soderstrom (paternal aunt)
  • Prince Carl Philip of Sweden (maternal uncle)
  • Crown Prince Haakon of Norway (friend of her parents, her mother is his eldest child's godmother)
  • King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (friend of her parents, her mother is his eldest child's godmother)
  • Crown Princess Mary of Denmark (friend of her parents, her mother is her eldest child's godmother)
Although she is only two years old, she already has a collection of Swedish Royal medals including:
  • Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (23 February 2012, presented 22 May 2012) (received as she is part of the Royal Family){Photo}
  • Commemorative Ruby Jubilee Medal of His Majesty The King (15 September 2013){Photo}
She almost shares a birthday with her new baby cousin, Princess Leonore, who is the daughter of Princess Madeleine who was born 20 February 2014 {Source}.

Like her great aunts before her (her grandfather's sisters, Princess Christina, Princess Désirée, Princess Birgitta and Princess Margaretha), she is being raised at the Swedish Haga Palace. She began pre-school in August 2014, and is attending Äventyret Preschool{Source}

Royal Profile:Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan

Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan was born 23 February 1960 as the eldest son of the then Crown Princely couple {Source}. During his childhood years, he was known as Prince Hiro-no-Miya {Source}. He was invested as Japan's Crown Prince on 23 February 1991, eleven years after his Coming of Age ceremony in 1980{Source}.

Today he serves as honorary vice president to the Japanese Red Cross and Honorary President of the United Nations Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation{Source}.

Like most of the Japanese Imperial Family, his educational background is extensive. He graduated from Gakushuin University with a degree in History {Source}.From 1983-1985, he studied at Merton College, University of Oxford{Source}. In 1988, he returned to Gakushuin to persue a doctorate degree in Humanities, but never finished{Source}. In 1992, he became a guest researcher for the archives of Gakushuin{Source}.

His engagement was formally announced by the Imperial House Council on 19 January 1993{Source}. His Engagement Ceremony took place on 19 January 1993 to Masako Owada{Source}. He married Owada on 9 June 1993{Source}. Together, they have one daughter{Source}:
  • Princess Aiko, Princess Toshi-no-Miya (2001)

Sunday, February 22, 2015

The Royal Recap of The Royals You Love: February 16-22, 2015

Belgium

-Prince Amedeo, Archduke of Austria-Este celebrated his 29th birthday on Saturday.

Bhutan

-King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck  visited Sarpang Town, where 81 shops and huts were damaged in a fire on Sunday, and met with the people{Photos}On Saturday, he celebrated his 35th birthday.

Denmark

-Crown Prince Fredrick attended a memorial service for the victims of the 2/14/2015 Copenhagen shootings on Monday {Photos}

German

-Princess Alexandra Irene of Hanover, Princess of Leiningen celebrated her 56th birthday on Wednesday.

Great Britain

-Queen Elizabeth II & Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh re-opened Canada House on Thursday {Source}

-Queen Elizabeth II met with the outgoing Ambassador from the Republic of Iraq and attended a reception to mark the 80th anniversary of Diabetes UK on Tuesday {Photos}{Source}

-The Prince Charles of Wales & Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall attend the Royal Film Performance 2015 on Tuesday {Photos}. On Thursday the royal pair visited Chinatown to mark the Chinese New Year {Source}.

-The Prince Charles of Wales met with the Archbishop of Canterbury and held a Reception for the International Network for Traditional Building, Architecture and Urbanism  on Thursday {Source}

-The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York celebrated his 55th birthday on Thursday.

-Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall attended a recpetion to mark the launch of WOW-Women of World Festival on Tuesday {Source}.  On Thursday, she attended a Lunch at the Cavalry and Guards Club {Source}

-The Princess Anne, The Princess Royal  opened the Ambulance Special Operations, opened the new Exeter Citizens Advice Bureau at Dix's Field, visited the Supported Living Residence & attended a Reception at Hft Exeter Office on Tuesday {Source}. On Thursday, the Queen's only daughter visited the Institute for the Study of International Development at McGill University, visited Santropol Roulant, visited  the Regiment at Côte-des-Neiges, presented awards to young people who have achieved the Gold Standard in The Duke of Edinburgh's Award {Source}

-Catherine, The Duchess of Cambridge visited the Emma Bridgewater factory on Wednesday {Source}

-Prince Edward, The Duke of Kent visited the Endell Street Complex and attended a Lunch at the Cavalry and Guards Club on Thursday{Source}

-Katharine Windsor, The Duchess of Kent celebrated her 82nd birthday on Sunday.

Luxembourg

-Princess Alexandra celebrated her 24th birthday on Monday.

-Princess Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess celebrated her 31st birthday on Wednesday.

Monaco

-Prince Albert II & Princess Charlene hosted a cocktail party to benefit the Princess Charlene of Monaco Foundation on Thursday {Photos}

Morocco

Princess Lalla Salma attended the 2015 WISH Summit on Tuesday {Photos}

The Netherlands

-Princess Margriet attended the 2015 WISH Summit on Tuesday {Photos}

-Princess Zita Clara celebrated her 1st birthday on Saturday.

Norway

-King Harald V celebrated his 78th birthday on Saturday.

Spain

-King Felipe VI & Queen Letizia presided over the Premios Nacionales de Cultura on Monday {Source}. On Thursday, they presided over the delivery of Gold Medals "Eixo Atlântico do Noroeste Peninsular" and closure of its General Assembly and presided over the opening of the exhibition El primer Picasso {Source}{Source}.

-King Felipe VI  presided over the first cup final of the King of Basketball from his Proclamation on Sunday {Source}.

-Queen Letizia presided over the commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the Foundation of Urgent Spanish -Fundéu BBVA on Wednesday {Source}.

-King Juan Carlos I presided over the ceremony of the seventh edition of ABC Taurino Award on Thursday {Source}

Sweden

-King Carl XVI Gustaf, Queen Silvia,Crown Princess Victoria, Princess Estelle, Prince Carl Philip & Sofia Hellqvist attended day two of the 2015 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships on Thursday {Photos}

-Princess Leonore
celebrated her 1st birthday on Friday.

Qatar

-Sheikha Mozah attended the 2015 WISH Summit on Tuesday {Photos}

Royal Profile: Katharine Windsor, The Duchess of Kent

Katharine Lucy Mary Worsley (now known as Katharine, The Duchess of Kent)  was born 22 February 1933 as the only daughter of Colonel Sir William Arthington Worsley, 4th Bt. and Joyce Morgan Brunner {Source}. She had three older brothers, one of whom is currently living {Source}:

  • Sir William Marcus John Worsley, 5th Bt.(1925-2012)
  • George Oliver Worsley (1927-2010)
  • John Arthington Worsley (1928-)
She married Prince Edward , The Duke of Kent on 8 June 1961 and together, they have the following children and grandchildren{Source}:
  1. George Philip Nicholas Windsor,The Earl of St. Andrews (1962)
    1. Sylvana Windsor, The Countess of St. Andrews
      1. Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick (1988)
      2. The Lady Marina-Charlotte Windsor (1992)
      3. The Lady Amelia Windsor (1995)
  2. The Lady Helen Windsor (1964)
    1. Mr. Timothy Taylor
      1. Mr. Columbus George Donald Taylor (1994)
      2. Mr. Cassius Edward Taylor (1996)
      3. Miss Eloise Olivia Katherine Taylor (2003)
      4. Miss Estella Olga Elizabeth Taylor (2004)
  3. Lord NicholasWindsor (1970)
    1. Paola. The Countess Doimi de Lupis
      1. Master Albert Louis Philip Edward Windsor (2007)
      2. Master Leopold Ernest Augustus Guelph Windsor (2009)
      3. Master Louis Arthur Nicholas Felix Windsor (2014)
  4. Still born unnamed child (1977)
She preferred to be known as "Katharine Kent" rather than The Duchess of Kent. She often represents Queen Elizabeth II and served as chancellor or patron of many organizations including{Source}{Source}:
  • Leeds University (1965-1998, Chancellor)
  • National Foundation for Youth Music (London) (Trustee)
  • Royal Northern College of Music (Manchester) (former board member and past president)
  • Aldeburgh Productions (ambassador)
  • NCH Action For Children (President)
  • Macmillan Cancer Relief (board member and president)
  • London Committee of the Manchester Christie (Cancer) Hospital Appeal (committee chair)'
  • RUC Benevolent Fund (chair)
  • Queensland Conservatorium (patron)

The Duchess of Kent has travelled the world for UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Fund) and VSO (Voluntary Services Overseas), highlighting specific areas of deprivation{Source}. In 1999 she visited Cambodia, Macedonia and Nepal {Source}.She has been Visitor to the Hong Kong Academy of Performing Arts. The Duchess of Kent holds the Honorary Freedom of four of the ancient City companies: the Worshipful Companies of Clothworkers, Dyers, Glaziers, and the Coachmakers and Coach Harness Makers{Source}.

In 2004, The Duchess of Kent together with Nicholas Robinson (Headmaster, King's College School, Cambridge) launched Future Talent, a children's music charity dedicated to finding, funding and nurturing exceptionally talented young musicians in the UK{Source}.



Saturday, February 21, 2015

Royal Profile: Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma

Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma was born 21 February 2014 as the first child of Prince Jaime  of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi & Princess Viktória of Bourbon-Parma, Countess of Bardi{Source}.  She is a granddaughter of Princess Irene of the Netherlands and late Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma.

Princess Zita was named:
  • Zita:  for her great-great aunt Empress Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgunde Michaele Raphaele Gabriele Josephine Antonie Louise Agnes of Bourbon-Parma
  • Clara: for her maternal great grandmother

She had a double baptism with her cousin, Alaïa-Maria Brenninkmeijer, on October 4, 2014 at Noordwijk aan Zee in the Netherlands{Source}. Her godparents are:
  1. King Willem-Alexander I of The Netherlands (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  2. Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma  (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  3. Princess Maria-Teresa of Bourbon-Parma (paternal great aunt)
  4. Dorothea ter Riet-Bartos (maternal grandmother)
  5. Jacco Eltingh (friend of her parents)
In 2014, her father was appointed ambassador for The Netherlands to The Holy See, therefore it is likely she and her parents reside in or around there{Source}.

Royal Profile: Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este

Prince Amedeo Marie Joesph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary & Bohemia was born 21 February 1986 at the University Clinic of St. Luc in Belgium, the eldest child of Princess Astrid, Archduchess of Austria-Este & Prince Lorenz, Archduke of Austria-Este {Source}. He has three younger sisters and a younger brother{Source}. His godparents wee his grandmother, Queen Paola, and his maternal uncle, Prince Philippe, The Duke of Brabant {Source}.

He attended Sint Jan Berchmans College for his early education until 2001{Source}. He then moved on to Sevenoaks College in Kent, England from 2001-2004 {Source}. He then went on to attend Belgium's Royal Military Academy from 2004-2005{Source}, and then went back to England to study at the London School of Economics from 2005-June 2008{Source}. Upon graduation from LSE, he took a gap year to travel and better his Spanish language skills {Source}

He is very atheletic. He ran the New York Marathon in 2008, and plays rugby. In September 2009, he moved to New York City to work for Deloitte, a financial services company{Source}.

Presently, he is the hereditary prince of the Archduchary of Austria-Este, 5th in line for the Austro-Hungary throne, and 7th for the Belgian throne. His full title and style is: His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Amedeo Marie Joesph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Hereditary Duke of Modena.

He is a reserve officer in the Belgian Army, whee he serves as a Second Lieutenant oof the Regiment Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn-Grenadiers.

He is became a godfather in 2001, to his cousin, and future monarch, Princess Elisabeth{Source}.

Due to his being so far down on the Belgian throne line, his mother is fiercely private about his life, therefore he makes limited public appearances on behalf of Belgium. 

The 29 year old Prince was married on 5 July 2014, and relocated from New York, USA to Belgium after the wedding.

At the time of their wedding, no royal decree was issued granting her the title Her Royal Highness Princess of Belgium. However, it has been speculated as to why no such decree has yet to be issued. Some say that is was due to other government matters (such as the current world economic crisis) were taking priority over someone's title matters, other sources say it was because Prince Amedeo did not seek government authorization (as required by Belgian law) for the marriage, therefore he automatically loses his rights to the Belgian throne-however, neither has yet to be confirmed by the Royal Court or Belgian Government. In this royal blogger's opinion, I doubt we will ever know for sure or even if she ever gets the title Princess of Belgium, as how Prince Amedeo is so distant in line for the throne and how private his mother is about her children's private lives.

Royal Profile: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck was born 21 February 1980 as the son of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and is the current reigning Druk Gyalpo or Dragon King, of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}.

He attended to his primary education in Bhutan, before studying his upper secondary education abroad in the UK and US{Source}. He attended a special program at the National Defense College in India in 2005{Source}. He has also received several honorary doctorates from the following universities including{Source}:
  • University of New Brunswick(Canda)
  • Rangsit University (Thailand)
  • Calcutta University (India)
  • Keio University (Japan)

His father abdicated in 2006, and he became King on 9 December 2006{Source}. A public corranation ceremony was held on 1 November 2008{Source}. In addition to his regular duties as King of Bhutan, he oversees the Royal University of Bhutan as Chancellor; Patron of the Bhutan Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Patron of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies and the European Convention of Bhutan Societies; President, Bhutan India Friendship Association{Source}.

Since the formal coronation, King Jigme Khesar's first landmark project was the launching of the National Cadastral Resurvey in March 2009{Source}.The program is aimed at resolving long-standing land issues of excess land that affects every Bhutanese household{Source}. The King has also been giving land to landless farmers around the country. The on-going project takes the King to remote villages and communities{Source}.

On 20 May 2011, the King announced his engagement to Jetsun Pema{Source}. They Royal Couple were married on 13 October 2011 in the Punakha Dzong{Source}. During the ceremony the King also received the Crown of the Druk Gyal-tsuen (Queen) from the most sacred Machhen temple of the Dzong and bestowed it on Her Majesty Jetsun Pema, hereby formally proclaiming her the Queen of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}.

Royal Profile:King Harald V of Norway

King Harald V of Norway was born on 21 February 1937 as the third child and only son of Crown Prince Olav (the future King Olav V, 1903-1991) and Crown Princess Märtha (1901-1954) {Source}. He had two older sisters{Source}:
  • Princess Ragnhild (1930-2012)
  • Princess Astrid (1932-)
At the time of his birth, the Norwegian Constitution of 1884 stipulated that only male heirs could inherit the throne, this was amended in 1990 to include females and the eldest child regardless of gender{Source}.

He was the first prince born in Norway in 567 years{Source}. His early years wehre spent at his parents' estate, Skaugum{Source} (Skaugum would later become his official residence before giving it to his son as his official residence). However, in April 1940, things changed when the Germans invaded Norway{Source}. The Royal family, members of the government and most members of the Norweigan Storting escaped the country by train{Source}. Once the family reached the city of Elverum, his father left the family to continue the journey to safety with their three children{Source}. First, he traveled with his mother and sisters to Sweden (where his mother is a birth-right Princess and his maternal grandfather was the son of King Oscar II){Source}. After several months there, the royal family continued to the United States, where they remained for the remainder of the war{Source}.

After the war ended in 1945, the Royal Family returned to Norway, where the young prince began school at Smestad School{Source}. During his education, he had a security guard stationed outside his classroom, but other than that, his educational experience did not differ from other children{Source}. He completed his upper-secondary education in 1955 at the Olso Cathedral School{Source}.

Upon graduation, he entered the Norwegian Cavalry Officers’ Training School and went on to finish his military education at the Military Academy in 1959{Source}. Upon completion of his compulsory military service, the Crown Prince went to Oxford for further study{Source}. He attended Balliol College from 1960 to 1962, studying social science, history and economics{Source}.

His grandfather died in September 1957, leaving his father to reign as King and he as Crown Prince{Source}. Upon this event, he attended his first Council of State meeting for the first time{Source}. After his father reign officially began, he began to increase his number of official tasks, such as travelling with trade delegations to promote Norwegian industry abroad{Source}. In 1960, Crown Prince Harald attended his first official state visit abroad, where he attended the 50th anniversary of the American-Scandinavian Foundation in the United States{Source}.


In March 1968, his engagement to commoner Sonja Haraldsen was announced after a nine-year courtship{Source}. Reportedly, his father originally did not approve of the match due to her being a commoner, but Crown Prince Harald stood his ground and refused to marry anyone by Sonja. They were married on 29 August 1968{Source}. Together, they have two children, two children-in-law, and five grandchildren:
  1. Princess Märtha Louise(1971)
    1. Mr. Ari Behn
      1. Miss Maud Angelica Behn (2003)
      2. Miss Leah Isadora Behn (2005)
      3. Miss Emma Tallulah Behn (2008)
  2. Crown Prince Haakon (1973)
    1. Crown Princess Mette-Marit
      1. Mr. Marius Borg Høiby (1997, Crown Prince Haakon's step-son)
      2. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004)
      3. Prince Severe Magunus of Norway (2005)
His father fell ill in the spring of 1990, Crown Prince Harald began attending to the affairs of the state as Crown Prince Regent{Source}. When his father passed away in 17 January 1991, Crown Prince Harald immediately became King Harald, and he swore to oath to uphold the Constitution of Norway in the Storting{Source}. The Queen was also present at the ceremony, which was the first time since Queen Maud{Source}. In accordance with their own wishes, the King and Queen were consecrated in Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim on 23 June 1991{Source}. In connection with the consecration, the King and Queen conducted a 10-day tour of Southern Norway{Source}. The following year, the entire Royal Family conducted a 22-day tour of Norway’s four northernmost counties{Source}.

Since the introduction of parliamentarism in 1884, the official duties of the King have been primarily ceremonial as the custodian of royal tradition{Source}. The King heads the Council of State every Friday, and formally opens the new session of the Storting each year in October{Source}. No acts of legislation or decisions approved by the Council of State are valid until sanctioned by the King and countersigned by the prime minister{Source}. While the language of the Constitution still states that the executive power is vested in the King, the actual power lies with the Government{Source}. The King has an important role to play during a change of government{Source}. Usually, the retiring prime minister will advise the King on who should assume the role of the new prime minister{Source}. If the parliamentary situation is unclear, however, the King must exercise his own discretion in selecting a new prime minister{Source}.

The King and Queen pay official state visits to other countries, and act as host to foreign heads of state visiting Norway {Source}. The King holds official audiences at the Palace for newly-appointed ambassadors of foreign countries who are delivering their credentials{Source}. King Harald holds the rank of General in the Army and Air Force, and of Admiral in the Navy. He is the nation’s highest-ranking officer.The day-to-day activities conducted at the Royal Palace in Oslo include official audiences, and discussions with the prime minister, foreign minister and representatives from the armed forces{Source}. The King frequently pays visits to private and public institutions on his journeys to various parts of the country{Source}. Every year the King and Queen pay a visit to a county in Norway, which each visits last 2-3 days, during which time they pay visits to several municipalities{Source}. The King and Queen often use the Royal Yacht Norge to travel along the Norwegian coast{Source}. Every year in the afternoon of 17 May, the King and Queen visit one of Oslo’s districts{Source}. This gives them the opportunity to meet the population and gain an insight into the various activities taking place throughout the capital{Source}. The King receives many invitations to events and commemorative activities all over the country, and tries, as far as his programme will allow, to be present{Source}. In recent years the King has also become involved in issues related to welfare and conditions for children{Source}. The King regularly receives letters from children whose everyday lives are difficult, and has on occasion received children and groups of children for talks at the Palace{Source}.

In the little spare time that King Harald has, he enjoys sports and outdoor receation, and is an active hunter and fisherman{Source}. During Olympic years, he and Queen Sonja can often be seen at events, cheering on "their" team{Source}. The King and Queen were actively involved in connection with the 1994 Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer. The King served as honorary chair of the Lillehammer Olympic Organising Committee.In 1964 he carried the Norwegian flag during the opening ceremony for the Olympic Summer Games in Tokyo{Source}.

The King was Chairman of the Advisory Board of the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in 1982{Source}. During the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oslo in 2011 he was present as an interested spectator at all the events{Source}. In January 2011 the King was awarded the Sports Gala Honorary Award at the annual Sports Gala{Source}. The King has distinguished himself on several occasions in national and international sailing competitions{Source}. In 1987 King Harald and his crew won the World Championships with his one-tonne yacht, the Fram X, and in 2005 they won the European Championships with the Fram XV{Source}. The King remains an avid yachtsman, participating in national and international regattas each year{Source}.

Friday, February 20, 2015

Royal Profile: Princess Leonore Lilian Maria of Sweden, The Duchess of Gotland

Princess Leonore Lilian Maria of Sweden, The Duchess of Gotland was born 20 February 2014 as the first child of Princess Madeleine of Sweden & Mr. Christopher O'Neil {Source}.

She was born in the United States, but they celebrated her birth in Sweden anyway! Her birth was celebrated with a 21-gun salute, and a Te Deum Thanksgiving service attended by her maternal grandparents, The Crown Princess Couple, and  Prince Carl Philip{Source}. From her birth she was eligible to be part of the Swedish succession, however, to remain in line, she must:

  • Be commune with the Church of Sweden (Lutheran)
  • Reside in Sweden at some point during her upbringing
  • Not marry without the consent of the Government (Article 5) orascends the throne of another state by election, inheritance or marriage without the consent of the monarch and the Riksdag.

It has been claimed that she is named:
  • Leonore: a name her parents liked after weighing several options. It could also be a nod to previous Swedish Queens (who were named Elenora,and reigned or was consort from 1718-1720,1620-1632,1654-1660,1720-1741).
  • Lilian: for her maternal great aunt, Princess Lilian, The Duchess of Halland who died almost a year to the day before her birth.
  • Maria: for her paternal grandmother

By technicality, she has no "official" surname, but on her Swedish passport and likely her US birth certificate, her surname is considered Bernadotte O'Neill {Source}.

Her christening took place on her parents' first wedding anniversary, and the following were her godparents {Source}:
  • Crown Princess Victoria (maternal aunt)
  • Tatjana d'Abo (her paternal half-aunt)
  • Count Ernst Abensperg und Traun (her paternal half-uncle by marriage)
  • Mr. Patrick Sommerlath (her maternal first cousin once removed)
  • Mrs. Alice Bamford (childhood friend of her father)
  • Ms. Louise Gottlieb(best childhood friend of her mother) 
Although just celebrating her first year, she has already undertaken several royal events. At her christening, her grandfather made her a member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim {Source}. She attended Sweden's National Day Open Palace event with her parents in 2014 {Source}.

In December 2014, it was announced that her parents were expecting to make her a big sister in 2015 {Source}. In early 2015, she and her parents moved from the United States to Sweden, and she and her mother were registered as Swedish nationals {Source}.

Thursday, February 19, 2015

Royal Profile: 55 Facts about The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York

  1. The Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward, The Duke of York was born 19 February 1960 as the second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh{Source}. 
  2. He has two older siblings and a younger brother{Source}:
    1. The Prince Charles of Wales (1948)
    2. The Princess Anne, The Princess Royal (1950)
    3. The Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex (1964)
  3. He was the first child born to a reigning monarch in 103 years, the last being Princess Beatrice in 1857{Source}.
  4. His earliest years were spent residing between Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle{Source}. 
  5. He began his education with a governess{Source}. 
  6. When he was eight years old, he began attending Heatherdown Preparatory School, Ascot{Source}.
  7. When he was thirteen years of age, he followed in his father and brother's footseps by attending Gordonstoun School in Scotland{Source}.
  8. When he attended Gordonstoun, he was a member of the Air Training Corps and learned to fly gliders{Source}. 
  9.  He spent a year as an exchange student at the Lakefield College School in Ontario Canada in the 1977-1978 school year as part of the Round Square Exchange Programme{Source}. 
  10. He spent his A-Levels year back at Gordonstoun{Source}.
  11. As a youngster, he watched his father fly helicopters, which peeked his interest in flying {Source}.
  12. He undertook a Parachute Training Course with the RAF in April 1978, where he achieved his Parachute wings {Source}.
  13.  Prior to joining the Royal Navy, he conducted Naval Flying Grading Training {Source}.
  14.  He flew solo for the first time in a Chipmonk aircraft in April 1979 {Source}. 
  15. The Prince Andrew joined the Royal Navy in 1979 on a short service commission as a Seaman Officer specializing as a Pilot {Source}. 
  16. Midshipman Prince Andrew entered Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth and undertook the full range of initial professional training{Source}. 
  17. Additionally, he completed the Royal Marine Commando course with the Young Officer's batch of 1979 at the Commando Training Centre, for which he received his Green Beret{Source}.
  18. Midshipman Prince Andrew passed out of BRNC Dartmouth in front of The Queen at Lord High Admiral's Divisions in April 1980{Source}.
  19. He then undertook initial fixed wing flying training within the Royal Navy Elementary Flying Training Squadron based at Royal Air Force at RAF Leeming in Yorkshire, flying Bulldog aircraft from RAF Topclife{Source}.
  20. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew’s helicopter flying training was conducted at Royal Naval Air Station (RNAS) Culdrose, Cornwall, where he initially learnt to fly the Gazelle helicopter in 705 Naval Air Squadron (NAS){Source}. 
  21. In April 1981, HRH was presented with his ‘Wings’ and the award for the best pilot by The Duke of Edinburgh{Source}. 
  22. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew then converted onto the Sea King helicopter, completing advanced and operational flying training with 706 NAS, before joining his first front-line unit: 820 NAS embarked in HMS INVINCIBLE{Source}.
  23. On 5th April 1982, HMS INVINCIBLE sailed as part of the Task Group to the South Atlantic to regain the Falkland Islands. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew embarked along with his squadron, 820 NAS{Source}. 
  24. Throughout the conflict Prince Andrew, alongside his fellow aviators, flew missions including: Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW), inter-ship Helicopter Delivery (HDS), Search and Rescue (SAR) and casualty evacuation{Source}. 
  25. When his ship returned to the Portsmith Naval Base in September 1982, they were greeted by his parents{Source}. 
  26. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew completed his first front line tour with 820 NAS in July 1983, and was appointed to 702 NAS at RNAS Portland, Dorset, to convert to the Lynx helicopter{Source}. 
  27. In May 1984, Lieutenant Prince Andrew joined 815 NAS, where he served as the Flight Pilot in the Type 22 Frigate HMS BRAZEN until March 1986{Source}. 
  28. Prince Andrew was appointed a personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen in 1984{Source}. 
  29. In 1987, after completing the Lieutenant's Greenwich Course and Helicopter Warfare Instructors (HWI) Course, Lieutenant The Duke of York returned to 702 NAS as staff Helicopter Warfare Instructor{Source}. 
  30. In May 1988, he joined the Type 42 Destroyer HMS EDINBURGH as an Officer of the Watch, in order to earn his Watchkeeping and Ocean Navigation Certificates{Source}. During the year's seagoing appointment, which included a Far East and Australia deployment, Lieutenant The Duke of York was awarded his Certificates{Source}. 
  31. In September 1989, HRH once again returned to RNAS Portland to form HMS CAMPBELTOWN Flight, joining 829 NAS where he served as Flight Commander HMS CAMPBELTOWN until the Autumn of 1991{Source}. 
  32. Lieutentant Commander The Duke of York was appointed to the Army Command and Staff Course at Camberley{Source}. Following the Staff Course Lt Cdr The Duke of York was selected to command the Hunt Class Mine Counter Measures Vessel HMS COTTESMORE{Source}. 
  33. Whilst in Command HMS COTTESMORE conducted the full range of duties performed by the MCMV force and as a part of the RN high readiness MCMV force deployed around Europe and into the Mediterranean. HRH completed his time in command in November 1994{Source}.
  34. Lieutenant Commander The Duke of York then returned to flying duties with a refresher course at 702 NAS before taking up the appointment as Senior Pilot of 815 NAS at RNAS Portland, where he served until October 1996{Source}. 
  35. He was then appointed to the Ministry of Defense in January 1997 as a Staff Officer in the Directorate of Naval Operations, with specific responsibility for Frigate and Destroyer aviation{Source}.
  36. Promoted Commander in 1999, Commander The Duke of York took up an appointment within the Naval Staff, with responsibility for Naval Diplomacy with the Rest of the World{Source}.
  37.  He concluded this appointment in April 2001 before departing from active service with the Royal Navy at the end of July 2001{Source}.
  38.  In July 2005, The Duke was promoted Captain and was appointed Commodore in Chief of the Fleet Air Arm in 2006{Source}. 
  39. In 2001, after a distinguished career in the Royal Navy, The Duke of York left active service to support The Queen as a full time working member of the Royal Family {Source}.
  40. In February 2010, HRH was promoted to Rear Admiral in the Royal Navy{Source}.
  41. As a child, The Duke watched his father, The Duke of Edinburgh, flying helicopters, which stimulated his interest in flying. 
  42. At Gordonstoun, HRH joined the Air Training Corps and learnt to fly gliders. 
  43. The Duke undertook Parachute Training with the RAF achieving his Parachute wings in April 1978. 
  44. Prior to joining the Royal Navy he conducted Naval Flying Grading Training. HRH flew solo in a Chipmonk aircraft for the first time on Friday 13th April 1979.
  45. He has been an avid sportsmen for his entire life{Source} . 
  46. As a youngster, he played rugby and cricket at Hetherdown, rugby, field hockey and was captain of the 1st XI cricket team in his final year{Source}.
  47.  He attended the Britannia Royal Naval College, where he was part of various squash teams and was on the hockey team{Source}. 
  48. During his time as Flight Commander on the HMS CAMPBELTOWN, he developed an interest in golf{Source}.
  49. Today, The Duke’s focus is on assisting the economic success of, and the creation of skilled jobs in, the United Kingdom{Source}. He concentrates his efforts on three core areas where he believes he can have the greatest impact{Source}:
  50. Entrepreneurs and SMEsThe Duke also supports many charitable and not-for-profit organisations and maintains close links with the Military{Source}.
  51. Since the age of 17, he has received many honors and awards, among them are {Source}: 
    1. Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (1977)
    2. Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (1979)
    3. South Atlantic Campaign Medal for service in the Falklands (1982)
    4. Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen (1984)
    5. Commodore, Royal Thames Yacht Club (1986)
    6. Freedom of the City of York (1987)
    7. Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav (1988)
    8. New Zealand Commemoration Medal (1990)
    9. Elder Brother, Trinity House (1991)
    10. Canadian Forces Decoration (2001)
    11. Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (2002)
    12. Grand Master, The Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators (2002)
    13. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (2003)
    14. Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan (2005)
    15. Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (2006)
    16. Order of the Federation (UAE) (2010)
    17. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (2011)
    18. Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (2012)
    19. Freedom of the City of London (2012)
    20. Royal Bencher, Lincoln's Inn (2012)
    21. Liveryman, The Worshipful Company of Shipwrights (2012)
    22. Royal Fellow, The Royal Society (2013)
  52. The Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson were engaged to be married on 19th March 1986{Source}.
  53. The marriage took place on 23rd July 1986, at Westminister Abbey{Source}.
  54.  Upon their wedding, the second son of Queen Elizabeth was created The Duke of York{Source}.
  55. Together, they have two daughters{Source}:
    1. Princess Beatrice Elizabeth Mary of York (1988)
    2. Princess Eugenie Helena Victoria of York (1990)

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Royal Profile:Princess Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

Princess Stéphanie Marie Claudine Christine, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg was born 18 February 1984 in Belgium {Source}. At birth, she was part of Belgian nobility, therefore was titled Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy {Source}.She is the youngest of seven children of Count Philippe de Lannoy and the late Countess Alix della Faille Leverghem de Lannoy {Source}:
  1. Count Jehan de Lannoy
  2. Count Christian de Lannoy
  3. Countess Nathalie de Lannoy
  4. Countess Gaëlle de Lannoy
  5. Count Amaury de Lannoy
  6. Count Olivier de Lannoy
  7. Countess Isabelle de Lannoy
She began her education at Sancta Maria School Ronse{Source}. She attended College Sainte-Odile in France for two years {Source}.She completed her primary education at l'Institut de la Vierge Fidèle à Bruxelles{Source}.Princess Stéphanie spent a year in Russia, where she studied Russian Language and Literature{Source}.She obtained a Bachelors in Arts degree in Germanic Philology from the Catholic University of Leuven, with honors{Source}.After graduation, she moved to Germany, where she studied the influences of German romanticism on Russian romanticism {Source}.Upon her return to Belgium, she interned at an investment fund company {Source}.Also while in Germany, she completed an internship at the Walloon Export Agency at the Belgian Embassy {Source}.

From an early age, she studied music theory, piano and violin{Source}. She plays the violin{Source}.She speaks French (mother-tongue), German and English fluently{Source}. She is presently learning Luxembourgish{Source}.
Her engagement to The Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg was announced on 27 April 2012 {Source}.The wedding took place in Luxembourg that October {Source}.
Her Wedding attendants included {Source}:
  1. Antonia Hamilton (niece of the bride, maid of honor)
  2. Countess Caroline de Lannoy (niece of the bride)
  3. Countess Louise de Lannoy (niece of the bride)
  4. Isaure de le Court (niece and goddaughter of the bride)
  5. Lancelot de le Court (nephew of the bride)
  6. Madeleine Hamilton (niece of the bride)
  7. Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg (sister of the bridegroom, maid of honor)
  8. Prince Gabriel of Nassau (nephew of the bridegroom)
Upon her marriage, she became HRH Princess Stéphanie, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg {Source}.
She is a member of the board of directors of the Foundation of the Grand Duke and Grand Duchess{Source}. In March 2013, she became High Patron of the Association and Foundation " Friends of Art and History Museums Luxembourg {Source}.

Some her her interests include classical music, reading, and foreign languages{Source}.
Princess Stephanie has made numerous trips with youth groups getting involved in volunteering{Source}.
She enjoys skiing and swimming{Source}.Her full title/style is: Her Royal Highness Princess Stéphanie Marie Claudine Christine, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Countess de Lannoy {Source}

Monday, February 16, 2015

Royal Profile:Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg

Princess Alexandra Joséphine Teresa Charlotte Marie Wilhelmine of Luxembourg was born 16 February 1991 as the fourth child and only daughter of the Grand Duke and Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (who were then the Hereditary Grand Ducal Couple) {Source}. Princess Alexandra has three older brothers and one younger as well as two sisters-in-law, two nephews and a niece{Source}:

  1. The Hereditary Grand Duke 
    1. The Hereditary Grand Duchess
  2. Prince Felix of Luxembourg
    1. Princess Claire of Luxemboug
      1. Princess Amalia of Nassau (2014)
  3. Prince Louis of Luxembourg
    1. Princess Tessy of Nassau
      1. Prince Noah de Nassau (2006)
      2. Prince Gabriel de Nassau (2007)
  4. Prince Sébastien


She has received several orders in Luxembourg, including the Order of the "Lion d'Or" of the House of Nassau{Source}. She also received the Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau {Source}.

She attended her primary education years in Luxembourg, attended Angelsburg and then the Lycée Vauban
where she completed her secondary education, obtaining her Baccalaureate in Arts and Literature (with honors) in 2009{Source}. She then began attending university abroad, studying Psychology and social sciences{Source}. The only daughter of the Grand Ducal Couple speaks several languages fluently including Luxembourgish, French, English and Spainsh, as well as having knowledge of German and Italian{Source}.

Whenever she is not attending to her academic career abroad, she participates in numerous actitivies in Luxembourg, including Luxembourg's National Day ceremonies, and the end of the Octave Celebration of Our Lady of Luxembourg{Source}. She also serves as godmother to her nephew, Prince Gabriel, and her niece, Princess Amalia.

In her spare time, she is an avid sportswoman. She enjoys tennis, alpine skiing, and water skiing{Source}. She also enjoys reading {Source}.

Sunday, February 15, 2015

The Royal Recap of The Royals You Love: February 9-15, 2015

Belgium

-King Philippevisited the project, OpBoksen on Wednesday {Source}

-Queen Mathilde attended a viewing of the film, Disconnect,  on Tuesday {Photos}. On Wednesday, the Belgian consort visited  the Perce-Neige {Photos}

Brunei

-Princess Hafizah gave birth to her second child on Friday {Source}

Denmark

-Prince Joachim, Princess Marie, Prince Nikolai, Prince Felix, Prince Henrik & Princess Athena attended a press photocall on their annual Switzerland Ski Trip on Tuesday {Photos}


Great Britain

-Queen Elizabeth II held several audiences on Thursday{Source}

-Queen Elizabeth II, The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York, The Prince Edward, The EArl of Wessex & Sophie, The Countess of Wessex attended a reception in honor of The Earl & Countess of Wessex's 50th birthdays to celebrate their patronages on Tuesday {Source}

-The Prince Charles of Wales continued his official visit to Jordan and Kuwait on Monday {Source}. The Queen's eldest child continued his visit to the Middle east with a visit to Saudi Arabia  on Tuesday {Source}. On Thursday, the future monarch headed from Saudi Arabia to Qatar {Source}.

-The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York met with the Deputy Grand President and Secretary General of the Royal Commonwealth Ex-Services League and attended an Advisory Board Dinner for The Royal Society on Monday  {Source}. On Tuesday, the Queen's second son met with the Chairman and Chief Executive of British Deaf Association and chaired a meeting of Inspiring Digital Enterprise Award{Source}. On Thursday, the Queen's second son attended a Mentoring Day at Telefonica Digital {Source}.

-The Prince Edward. The Earl of Wessex held a meeting of the British and Commonwealth Fire Company Foundation, held a meeting of The Duke of Edinburgh's International Award Foundation, and attended a meeting of The Duke of Edinburgh's International Award Foundation at the Award House on Tuesday {Source}. On Thursday, the youngest child of the Queen held a Meeting for the Worshipful Company of Gardeners {Source}.

-The Princess Anne, The Princess Royal visited HM Prison and Young Offender Institution Parc, the Royal National Lifeboat Institution Porthcawl Lifeboat Station, the Newport Mission, visited 7 Regiment Royal Logistic Corps, met with the incoming and outgoing Chairmen of Voluntary Service Overseas and the English-Speaking Union of the Commonwealth, and attended the City Food Lecture by the Worshipful Company of Butchers on Monday {Source}. On Tuesday, the Queen's only daughter visited the 7th Regiment of The Royal Logistic Corps, met with the incoming and outgoing chairmen and Director-General of  the English-Speaking Union of the Commonwealth and attended a the City Food Lecture at Guildhall {Source}. On Thursday, she attended a Committee of Wardens' Meeting following by a Court Meeting and Luncheon, met with the former chairman and incoming chairwoman of Spinal Injuries Association, attended a reception at the British Medical Association and attended a "Health and Educational Needs of People with Disability" Dinner {Source}.

-Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall visited the 4th Battalion, The Rifles, at Bulford Camp on Wednesday {Photos}. On Thursday, she visited Holland Park School {Photos} On Friday, the future consort attended the Royal Artillery Gold Cup {Photos}.

-Catherine, The Duchess of Cambridge visited the Bethlem and Maudsley Hospital School on Tuesday {Source}. On Thursday, the Duchess visited the Ben Ainslie Racing Office,  the Ben Ainslie Racing Base Headquarters and attended a reception for the 1851 Trust {Source}.

-Prince Edward, The Duke of Kent departed London for a visit to Germany on Tuesday {Source}. On Thursday, the Queen's cousin attended a Reception at the Dresden Project Exhibition at the Kreuzkirche {Source}.

-Princess Alexandra of Kent, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy attended the International Child Protection Dinner on Thursday {Source}

France


-Prince Constantin Foulques Alexandre of Orléans celebrated his 12th birthday on Sunday.

Jordan

-King Abdullah II received Lebanese Interior Minister on Wednesday {Source}
-Princess Raiyah Bint Al-Husein celebrated her 28th birthday on Monday.

-Princess Alia bint Al Hussein celebrated her 59th birthday on Friday.

-Princess Ayah bint Al Faisal celebrated her 25th birthday on Wednesday.

-Prince Hussein Mirza celebrated his 34th birthday on Thursday.

-Princess Hafizah
Liechtenstein

-Prince Hans-Adam II celebrated his 70th birthday on Saturday.

Luxembourg

-Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg & Grand Duchess Maria Teresa celebrated their 34th wedding anniversary on Friday.

Monaco

-Prince Albert II inaugurated the Monaco Control Center ( MCC) of Solar Impulse on Tuesday {Photos}. On Saturday, he attended Futsal match against Monaco Valbonn {Photos}.

The Netherlands

-King Willem-Alexander I opened the highly anticipated exhibition, Late Rembrandt on Thursday {Source}



-Princess Beatrix attended the funeral service of former President of Germany on Wednesday {Photos}

Spain

-King Felipe VI & Queen Letizia attended the the 40th anniversary of the Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos celebrations on Tuesday {Source}{Photos}. On Thursday, they attended the 100th anniversary celebrations of Cavas Freixenet{Source}

-King Felipe VI attended a Presentation of the Chamber of Commerce of Spain on Monday {Source}. On Wednesday, the Spanish monarch visited the frigate "Cristóbal Colón" {Source}.

Sweden

-King Carl XVI Gustaf, Queen Silvia, Crown Princess Victoria, Prince Daniel, Prince Carl Philip, Sofia Hellqvist, Princess Madeleine, Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson & Tord Magnuson attended the first official government dinner on Wednesday {Source}.
Princess Christina and Mr. Magnuson are the King's sister and brother-in-law.

-King Carl XVI Gustaf & Queen Silvia attended a performance entitled Written on Skin  on Thursday {Source}

-King Carl XVI Gustaf held an audience with the Palestine President on Tuesday {Source}. On Wednesday the King attended a lecture by climate scientists {Source}. On Friday, the Swedish King visited
the Karolinska Institute {Source}
-Queen Silvia attended an audience with the Austrian Family and Youth Minister on Friday {Source}

-Prince Daniel visited TrueCaller and attended a meeting of Healthy Generation on Monday{Source}{Source} On Wednesday, the future Swedish consort visited Tumba gymnasium and Södertörn University{Source}.

-Prince Carl Philip presented scholarships to winners from the Prince Bertil and Princess Lilian Sports Foundation on Wednesday {Source}