He was christened at the Royal Palace Church on 31 August 1979. His godparents are Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland, Prince Leopold of Bavaria, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, and Princess Birgitta of Sweden.
He mostly attended schools in Sweden. He began his education at the Västerled Parish Preschool, which he attended from 1986-1989. He attended the State Schools of Smedslättsskolan, Ålstensskolan, and Enskilda Gymnasiet. In the 1994-1995 school year, he spent it at the Kent School. The Prince continued his studies in a science programme at Lundsbergs upper secondary school. He graduated in the spring of 1999. Recently, he studied graphic design at the Rhode Island School of Design where he worked on a museum identity design project. In 2011, Prince Carl Philip finished his studies in Agricultural and Rural Management at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Alnarp.
In his youth, he was an active outdoorsman and scout. He enjoys swimming, skiing, and football. In 2003, he completed the historic Swedish "Vasaloppet", the longest cross country ski race in the world. He also enjoys car racing and has a licence to compete.
He has served in the the Swedish Navy. He has completed his military service at the Amphibious Battalion at Vaxholm's Coast Artillery Regiment as a combat boat commander (Combat Boat 90) in the autumn of 2000. In December 2002, the Prince was promoted to fänrik (midshipman), and in 2004 to the rank of löjtnant (sub-lieutenant) in the Swedish Navy. In 2007 and 2008 he went to the Swedish National Defense College. The course was divided in three weeks autumn 2007 and three weeks spring 2008. After that course he was appointed kapten in the Swedish Navy (lieutenant).
For his mother's 60th birthday in 2003, he designed a cover for a CD of the music of Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker, which was released to honor of her landmark birthday, in which the proceeds from it goes to the World Childhood Foundation. In 2004, the Prince created a calendar, together with an advertising agency, that will be sold to benefit the same organisation.
Since 1999, he has been linked with several women. The first, and longest was public relations representative Emma Pernald. They dated for ten years before mutually calling an end to the relationship. Since April 2010, he has been linked with model Sofia Hellqvist. He and Hellqvist have been residing together since April 2011.
He holds several Swedish national honors and international honors. These include:
- Knight of the Order of Charles XIII (since birth, 13 May 1979) (Sweden)
- Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (13 May 1997) (Sweden)
- Commander of the Order of the Crown of Malaysia (2005) (Malaysia)
- Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav (2005) (Norway)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Honour (2008) (Greece)
- Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, First Class (12 January 2011) (Estonia)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland (17 April 2012) (Finland)
- Grand Officer of the Order of the Three Stars (Latvia) Grand Cross of the Order of Adolpthe of Nassu (Luxembourg)