Under the 1952 Constitution, he was considered heir to his father, but due to the unstable times in the 1960s, his father named his brother, King Abdullah's uncle the heir.
The future king attended to his education at various institutions around the world. He attended St. Edmund's School in Hindhead, Surrey, England from 1964-1975. After that, he moved on to Eaglebrook School and then to Derrfield Academy in the United States. Upon graduation, he went back to England to attend the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, where he graduated in 1980, and was subsequently commissioned as a Second Lieutenant and served as a troop commander in the 13th/18th Royal Hussars. After two years in the military he returned to school, to study Middle Eastern Affairs in a Special one-year studies course at Pembrooke College, Oxford University. In 1987, he moved to the United States to attend the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Upon his return to Jordan, he would serve in the Jordanian forces and would be promoted to Major-General in 1998.
- Crown Prince Hussein (born 28 June 1994)
- Princess Iman (born 27 September 1996)
- Princess Salma (born 26 September 2000)
- Prince Hashem (born 30 January 2005)