Tuesday, January 5, 2016

Royal Profile: 33 Facts about Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg

  1. Grand Duke Jean Benoît Guillaume Robert Antoine Louis Marie Adolphe Marc d'Aviano of Luxembourg was born 5 January 1921{Source}.
  2. He is the eldest son of Grand Duchess Charlotte and Prince Félix of Bourbon Parma, Prince of Luxembourg {Source}.
  3. His siblings include{Source}:
    1. Princess Elizabeth of Luxembourg, The Duchess of Hohenberg (1922-2011)
    2. Princess Marie Adelaide of Luxembourg, The Countess Henckel von Donnersmarck(1924-2007)
    3. Princess Marie Gabriele of Luxembourg, Countess of Holstein-Ledreborg
    4. Prince Charles of Luxembourg (1927-1977)
    5. Princess Alix of Luxembourg, Princess of Ligne (1929-)
  4. His siblings-in-law include{Source}:
    1. Franz, Duke of Hohenberg (1927-1977)
    2. Karl Josef Graf Henckel von Donnersmarck (1928–2008)
    3. Knud Johan, Count of Holstein-Ledreborg (1919–2001)
    4. Joan Douglas Dillon (1935-)
    5. Antoine, 13th Prince of Ligne (1925–2005)
  5. His nieces and nephews include{Source}:
    1. Michel, 14th Prince de Ligne (1951)
    2. Komtesse Monica Charlotte Louise Maria Holstein til Ledreborg de Dompierre de Jonquières Bergsøe (1952)
    3. Prince Wauthier de Ligne (1952)
    4. Princess Anne de Ligne (1954)
    5. Komtesse Lydia Adelaide Maria Holstein til Ledreborg(1955)
    6. Princess Christine de Ligne, Princess of of Orléans-Braganza (1955)
    7. Komtesse Veronica Birgitte Maria Holstein til Ledreborg de Pottère (1956)
    8. Princess Sophie de Ligne, Comtessa de Nicolay (1957)
    9. Komtesse Silvia Charlotte Maria Holstein til Ledreborg (1958)
    10. Princess Anna (Anita)  von Hohenberg, Countess von Bardeau (1958)
    11. Graf Andreas Henckel von Donnersmarck (1959)
    12. Prince Antoine Lamoral de Ligne (1959)
    13. Komtesse Camilla Josephine Marie Holstein til Ledreborg (1959-2010)
    14. Princess Sophie Felicitas Elisabetha Bona Maria Antonia of Hohenberg (1960)
    15. Graf Félix Henckel von Donnersmarck (1960-2007)
    16. Graf Heinrich Henckel von Donnersmarck(1961) 
    17. Komtesse Tatiana Alix Marie Holstein til Ledreborg von Riedemann (1961)
    18. Komtesse Antonia Charlotte Jeanette Marie Holstein til Ledreborg (1962)
    19. Princess Yolande de Ligne (1964)
    20. Grafin Charlotte Henckel von Donnersmarck von Meran (1965)
    21. Princess Charlotte Phyllis Marie of Bourbon-Parma (1967)
    22. Prince Robert Louis François Marie of Bourbon-Parma(1968)
  6. His nieces and nephews-in-law include{Source}:
    1. Count Andreas Ernestus von Bardeau
    2. Jean-Louis Marie René Ghislain de Potesta
    3. Johanna von Hohenberg
    4. Anna-Maria Merckens, Graffin von Donnersmarck
    5. Graf Christoph Johannes von Meran
    6. Henri de Dompierre de Jonquières
    7. Martin Bergsøe
    8. François Bruno de Pottère
    9. JohnMunro of Foulis
    10. Mark von Riedemann
    11. Marc-Victor Cunningham
    12. Julie Elizabeth Houston Ongaro
    13. Princess Eleanora of Orléans-Braganza, Princess of Ligne
    14. Countess Regine de Renesse, Princess of Ligne
    15. Olivier Mortgat
    16. Prince Antonio of Orléans-Braganza
    17. Comte Philippe de Nicolay
    18. Countess Jacqueline de Lannoy. Princess de Ligne
  7. His great nieces and nephews include{Source}:
    1. Prince Philippe de Ligne (1977)
    2. Princess Melanie-Yolande de Ligne (1979)
    3. Gaetan de la Poeze, Count d'Harambure (1980)
    4. Alix de la Poeze d'Harambure (1981)
    5. Princess Antonia Monica Charlotte Marie of Bourbon-Parma (1981)
    6. Princess Marie Gabrielle Yolande Camilla Philippine of Bourbon-Parma (1982)
    7. Charles Erik de Pottère (1982)
    8. Princess Elisabeth-Eleonore de Ligne (1983)
    9. Tatiana Angela Maria Munro (1983)
    10. Prince Pedro of Orléans-Braganza (1983-2009)
    11. Princess Amélia of Orléans-Braganza (1984)
    12. Laure Mortgat (1983)
    13. Eleonore de Potesta (1984)
    14. Princess Alix of Ligne (1984)
    15. Alexander Munro (1985)
    16. Isabelle-Marie Mortgat (1985)
    17. Alexander Gabriel de Pottère (1985)
    18. Princess Alexia Thérèse Sybille Erica Marie of Bourbon-Parma (1985)
    19. Charles de Potesta (1985)
    20. Prince Rafael of Orléans-Braganza (1986)
    21. Baron Nicolas Erik Carl Poul Johan Dmitri Bertouch-Lehn til Højbygaard-Lungholm (1986)
    22. Gabriel de la Poeze d'Harambure (1987)
    23. Elizabeth de Potesta (1988)
    24. Princess Maria Gabriela of Orléans-Bragança (1989)
    25. Prince Henri Antoine de Ligne (1989)
    26. Raoul de la Poeze d'Harambure (1989)
    27. Baron Philip Eric Alexander Knud Bertouch-Lehn til Højbygaard-Lungholm (1989)
    28. Prince Michel Knud John Joseph Marie of Bourbon-Parma (1989)
    29. François de NicolayComte de Nicolay (1989)
    30. Charlotte Tatiana Marie Munro (1990)
    31. Prince Henri Luitpold Antoine Victor Marie Joseph of Bourbon-Parma (1991)
    32. Angela Charlotte Marie Munro (1992)
    33. Guy de Nicolay, Comte de Nicolay (1993)
    34. Princess Charlotte Katherine Justine Marie de Nassau (1995)
    35. Marie Townsend (1995)
    36. Charles Douglas Donnall Marie Cunningham (1996)
    37. Prince Alexandre Théodore Charles Marie de Nassau (1997)
    38. George Townsend (1997)
    39. Grafin Laura Henckel von Donnersmarck (1997)
    40. James Townsend (1998)
    41. Louis Robert Dominic Marie Cunningham (1998)
    42. Grafin Marie Henckel von Donnersmarck (1998)
    43. Therese Silvia Maria von Riedemann(2000)
    44. Graf Ludwig Henckel von Donnersmarck (2001)
    45. Bartholomew Townsend (2001)
    46. Donnall Philippe Cunningham (2002)
    47. Prince Frederik Henri Douglas Marie de Nassau (2002)
    48. Prince Louis de Ligne (2003)
    49. Prince Marie de Ligne (2004)
    50. Graf Tassilo Henckel von Donnersmarck (2004)
    51. Graf Johannes Maximilian von Meran ( 2004)
    52. Prince Florence de Ligne (2006)
    53. Grafin Anna Colienne von Meran (2006)
    54. Graf Albrecht Henckel von Donnersmarck (2006)
    55. Baron Antoine Gillès de Pelichy(2006)
    56. Grafin Camilla von Meran (2008)
    57. Baron Charles Gillès de Pelichy(2008)
    58. Baroness Philippine Gillès de Pelichy(2010)
    59. Baroness Marguerite Gillès de Pelichy (2012)
  8. His great-great nieces and nephews include{Source}:
    1. Prince Jean-Charles de Ligne (2010)
    2. Armel Fraye (2011)
    3. Rafael Fernández de Córdova y de Potesta (2013)
    4. Benedikt Fraye (2013)
  9. He was educated in Luxembourg and the United Kingdom{Source}.
  10. He is an alum of Ampleforth College{Source}.
  11. During WWII, the heir apparent to the Luxembourg throne was evacuated to France before traveling to Canada, where he studied at Université Laval.
  12. During his time in Canada, he also traveled back to England, to join the British Army as a volunteer in the Irish Guards, where he was commisioned as a Lieutenant in March 1943, and was promoted as a captain in 1943.
  13. He took part in the Battle for Caen and the liberation of Brussels, as well as Luxembourg's liberation. 
  14. After the war up until his 2000 abdication, he served as a Colonel in the of the Regiment of the Irish Guards (a position now held by Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge).
  15. After WWII up until his abdication, he would often be seen  riding in uniform behind Queen Elizabeth during the Sovereign's Birthday Parade.
  16. Upon his mother, Grand Duchess Charlotte's, abdication on 12 November 1964, he became Grand Duke of Luxembourg. 
  17. His reign lasted from November 1964 to October 2000, upon his own abdication in favor of his son, now Grand Duke Henri.
  18. He married Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005) in April 1953. 
  19. Together, they had three sons and two daughters:
    1. Princess Marie-Astrid, Archduchess of Austria (1954)
    2. Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg (1955)
    3. Prince Jean of Luxembourg (1957)
    4. Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg, Princess of Liechtenstein (1957)
    5. Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (1963)
  20. Grand Duke Jean is also father-in-law to:
    1. Archduke Carl Christian of Austria (1954)
    2. Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg (1956)
    3. Hélène Suzanne Vestur Nassau (1958)
    4. Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein (1947)
    5. Princess Sibilla of Luxembourg
  21. His grandchildren include:
    1. Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke (1981)
    2. Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria, Countess of Limburg-Stirum (1983)
    3. Prince Félix of Luxembourg (1984)
    4. Prince Leopold Emmanuel Jean Marie of Liechtenstein (1984-1984) 
    5. Archduke Imre of Austria (1985)
    6. Princess Maria-Anunciata of Liechtenstein (1985)
    7. Prince Louis of Luxembourg (1986)
    8. Princess Marie-Gabrielle de Nassau (1986)
    9. Princess Marie-Astrid  of Liechtenstein (1987) 
    10. Archduke Christoph  of Austria (1988)
    11. Prince Constantin de Nassau (1988)
    12. Prince Josef-Emanuel of Liechtenstein (1989)
    13. Archduke Alexander of Austria (1990)
    14. Prince Wenceslas  of Nassau (1990)
    15. Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg (1991)
    16. Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg (1992)
    17. Prince Carl-Johan deNassau (1992)
    18. Archduchess Gabriella of Austria (1994)
    19. Prince Paul Louisde Nassau (1998) 
    20. Prince Léopold  de Nassau (2000) 
    21. Princess Charlotte de Nassau (2000) 
    22. Prince Jean  de Nassau (2004)
  22. His grandchildren-in-law include:
    1. Count Rodolphe de Limburg Stirum
    2. Archduchess Kathleen of Austria
    3. Archduchess Adélaïde of Austria
    4. Princess Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
    5. Princess Claire of Luxembourg
    6. Princess Tessy of Luxembourg
  23. His great grandchildren include:
    1. Prince Noah de Nassau (2006)
    2. Prince Gabriel de Nassau (2009)
    3. Count Léopold de Limburg-Stirum ( 2011)
    4. Count Constantin de Limburg-Stirum (2013)
    5. Archduchess Maria-Stella of Austria (2013)
    6. Princess Amalia de Nassau (2014)
  24. Through his wife, he is a brother-in-law to:
    1. King Baudouin I of Belgium (1930-1993)
    2. Queen Fabiola of Belgium (1928-2014)
    3. King Albert II of Belgium (1932-)
    4. Queen Paola of Belgium (1937-)
    5. Prince Alexandre of Belgium (1942-2009)
    6. Princess Léa of Belgium (1951-)
    7. Princess Marie-Christine of Belgium (1951-)
    8. Jean-Paul Gourges
    9. Princess Marie-Esméralda of Belgium, Lady Moncada (1956-)
    10. Sir Salvador Moncada
  25. Through his wife, he is an uncle to:
    1. King Philippe of Belgium (1960)
    2. Princess Astrid of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1962)
    3. Prince Laurent of Belgium (1963)
    4. Alexandra Leopoldine Moncada (1998)
    5. Leopoldo Daniel Moncada (2001)
  26. Through his wife, his nieces and nephews in law are:
    1. Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (1955)
    2. Queen Mathilde of Belgium (1973)
    3. Princess Claire of Belgium (1974)
  27. Through his wife, his great nieces and nephews are:
    1. Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (1986) 
      1. Archduchess Elisabetta of Austria-Este (1987)
    2. Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1988)
    3. Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (1991)
    4. Princess Luisa Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1995)
    5. Princess Elisabeth of Belgium, The Duchess of Brabant (2001)
    6. Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (2003)
    7. Prince Gabriel of Belgium (2003)
    8. Princess Louise of Belgium (2004)
    9. Prince Emmanuel of Belgium (2005)
    10. Prince Nicolas of Belgium (2005)
    11. Prince Aymeric of Belgium (2005)
    12. Princess Eléonore of Belgium (2008)
  28. Grand Duke Jean has been awarded the following Honorary Doctoral Degrees{Source}:
    1. University of Strasbourg (22 November 1957)
    2. University of Miami (6 May 1979) 
    3. Laval University, Quebec (May 29, 2007)
  29. Grand Duke Jean has received honors from:
    1. Austria
    2. Belgium
    3. Denmark
    4. France
    5. Germany
    6. House of Habsburg
    7. Holy See
    8. Iceland
    9. Italy
    10. The Netherlands
    11. Norway
    12. Poland
    13. Portugal
    14. House of Savoy
    15. Spain
    16. United Kingdom
    17. Sweden
    18. Greece
    19. Iran
  30. He shares a birthday with King Juan Carlos I of Spain.
  31. His numerology number is 6.
  32. His life path number is 11.
  33. His Star Astrological Sign is Capricorn.

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