Thursday, January 5, 2017

Royal Profile: Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg

Grand Duke Jean Benoît Guillaume Robert Antoine Louis Marie Adolphe Marc d'Aviano of Luxembourg was born 5 January 1921 as the eldest son of Grand Duchess Charlotte and Prince Félix of Bourbon Parma, Prince of Luxembourg {Source}. He has the following siblings, siblings-in-law and nieces and nephews{Source}:
  1. Princess Elizabeth of Luxembourg, The Duchess of Hohenberg (1922-2011)
    1. Franz, Duke of Hohenberg (1927-1977)
      1. Princess Anna (Anita) Charlotte Maximiliana Euphemia Maria Helena von Hohenberg (1958)
        1. Romee de La Poeze, Count d'Harambure (m .1978-1988, div)
          1. Gaetan de La Poeze, Count d'Harambure (1980)
          2. Alix de La Poeze, Countess d'Harambure (1981) 
            1. Francois-Xavier Fraye (m. 2010) 
              1. Armel Fraye (2011)
              2. Benedikt Fraye (2013)
          3. Gabriel de La Poeze, Count d'Harambure (1987)
          4. Raoul de La Poeze, Count d'Harambure (1989)
        2. Count Andreas von Bardeau  (m. 2005)
      2. Princess Sophie Felicitas Elisabetha Bona Maria Antonia von Hohenberg (1960) 
        1. Jean-Louis de Potesta (m. 1983)
          1. Eleonore de Potesta (born 24 April 1984)
          2. Diego Fernández de Córdova y Cerveró  (m. 2012)
            1. Rafael Fernández de Córdova y de Potesta (2013)
          3. Baron Charles de Potesta (1985)
          4. Elizabeth de Potesta (1988)
  2. Princess Marie-Adélaïde of Luxembourg (1924-2007)
    1.  Graf Karl Josef Henckel von Donnersmarck (1928-2008, m. 1958)
      1. Andreas, Count Henckel von Donnersmarck (1959) 
      2.  Johanna von Hohenberg (1966, m.1995) 
        1. Countess Laura Henckel von Donnersmarck (1997)
        2. Countess Marie Henckel von Donnersmarck (1998)
        3. Count Ludwig Henckel von Donnersmarck (2001)
        4. Count Albrecht von Henckel von Donnersmarck ( 2006)
      3. Count Félix, Henckel von Donnersmarck (1960-2007)
      4. Count Heinrich Henckel von Donnersmarck (1961) 
        1. Anna-Maria Merckens (1969, m. 1998) and they have one son:
          1. Count Tassilo Henckel von Donnersmarck (2004)
      5. Countess Charlotte Henckel von Donnersmarck (1965)
        1.  Graf Christoph Johannes von Meran (1963, m. 1999) 
          1. Count Johannes Maximilian von Meran (2004)
          2. Countess Anna Colienne von Meran (2006)
          3. Countess Camilla von Meran (2008)
  3. Princess Marie Gabriele of Luxembourg, Countess of Holstein-Ledreborg (1925)
    1. Knud Johan Ludvig, Lensgreve Holstein til Ledreborg (1919-2001, m. 1951)
      1. Countess Monica Charlotte Louise Maria Holstein til Ledreborg (b. Ledreborg, 29 July 1952), married on 13 September 2003 Henri de Dompierre de Jonquières (b. 28 May 1950), without issue
      2. Countess Lydia Adelaide Maria Holstein til Ledreborg (1955)
        1. Prince Eric of Bourbon-Parma (1953, m. 1980-1999, div) 
          1. Princess Antonia Monica Charlotte Marie of Bourbon-Parma (1981)
            1. Martin Krusbæk (m. 2010)
              1. Inès Philippine Alexia Krusbæk (2011)
              2. Maximilian Allan Michel Gabriel Krusbæk (2012)
              3. Alix Beatrice Lidia Eva Krusbæk (2016)
          2. Princess Marie Gabrielle Yolande Camilla Philippine of Bourbon-Parma ( 1982)
            1. Mark de Bourbon de Parme (2003)
          3. Princess Alexia Thérèse Sybille Erica Marie of Bourbon-Parma (1985)
            1. Fabian Davis (m. 2007)
              1. Rebecca Davis (2004)
              2. Bianca Davis (2008)
          4. Prince Michel of Bourbon-Parma (1989)
          5. Prince Henri  of Bourbon-Parma (1991)
        2. Martin Bergsøe (1948, m. 2001)
      3. Countess Veronica Birgitte Maria Holstein til Ledreborg (1956)
      4. François Bruno de Pottère (1949, m. 1979) 
        1. Bruno de Pottere (1980-1980)
        2. Charles Erik de Pottère (1982)
        3. Layla Jean Kajer (m. 2015)
          1. Isla de Pottere (2015)
        4. Alexander Gabriel de Pottère (1985)
      5. Countess Silvia Charlotte Maria Holstein til Ledreborg (1958) 
        1. John Munro of Foulis (1959, m. 1979)
          1. Tatiana Angela Maria Munro (18 May 1983) 
            1. Martin Skaarup Munro-Thers (m. 2011)
              1. Marcus Munro-Thers (2009)
              2. Lucas Munro-Thers (2014)
          2. Alexander Munro (b. Ledreborg, 24 June 1985)
          3. Charlotte Tatiana Marie Munro (b. Roskilde (27 December 1990)
          4. Angela Charlotte Marie Munro (b. Roskilde (27 August 1992)
      6. Countess Camilla Josephine Marie Holstein til Ledreborg (1959 -2010)
        1.  Eric Rudolf Baron Bertouch-Lehn til Højbygaard-Lungholm (1956, m. 1986-1995, div)
          1. Baron Nicolas Bertouch-Lehn til Højbygaard-Lungholm (1986) 
            1. Eva Maria Marcher (m. 2015)
        2. Baron Philip  Bertouch-Lehn til Højbygaard-Lungholm (1989)
      7. Countess Tatiana Alix Marie Holstein til Ledreborg (1961)
        1. Mark von Riedemann (1964, m.1999)
          1. Therese Silvia Maria von Riedemann (2000)
      8. Countess Antonia Charlotte Jeanette Marie Holstein til Ledreborg (1962)
  4. Prince Charles of Luxembourg (1927-1977)
    1. Joan Douglas Dillon
      1. Princess Charlotte Phyllis Marie of Luxembourg (1967)
        1.  Marc-Victor Cunningham (1965, m. 1993)
          1. Charles Douglas Donnall Marie Cunningham (1996)
          2. Louis Robert Dominic Marie Cunningham (1998)
          3. Donnall Philippe Cunningham (2002)
      2. Prince Robert Louis François Marie of Luxembourg (1968)
        1. Julie Elizabeth Houston Ongaro (1966, m. 1984)
          1. Princess Charlotte Katherine Justine Marie of Nassau (1995)
          2. Prince Alexandre Théodore Charles Marie of Nassau (1997)
          3. Prince Frederik Henri Douglas Marie of Nassau (2002)
  5. Princess Alix of Luxembourg, Princess Dowager de Ligne (1929)
    1. Antoine Maria Joachim Lamoral, Prince of Ligne (1925-2005)
      1. Michel, 14th Prince de Ligne (1951)
        1. Princess Eleanora of Orléans-Braganza (m. 1981)
          1. Princess Alix de Ligne, Countess de Dampierre (1984)
            1. Count Guillaume de Dampierre (1985, m. 2016).
        2. Prince Henri Antoine de Ligne (born 3 March 1989)
    2. Prince Wauthier de Ligne (1952)
      1. Countess Regine de Renesse (m. 1976)
        1. Prince Philippe de Ligne (1977) 
          1. Jonkvrouw Laetitia Rolin (m. 2008)
            1. Prince Jean-Charles de Ligne (2010)
            2. Princess Alienor de Ligne (2012)
    3. Princess Melanie-Yolande de Ligne (1979) 
      1. Paul Weingarten (m. 2011)
        1. Felix Weingarten (2013)
    4. Princess Elisabeth-Eleonore de Ligne, Baroness Gillès de Pélichy (1983)
      1. Baron Baudouin Gillès de Pelichy (m. 2005)
        1. Baron Antoine Gillès de Pélichy (2006)
        2. Baron Charles Gillès de Pélichy (2008)
        3. Baroness Philippine Gillès de Pélichy (2010)
        4. Baroness Marguerite Gillès de Pélichy (2012)
        5. Baroness Marie Gillès de Pélichy (2014)
  6. Princess Anne de Ligne (1954) 
    1. Olivier Mortgat (m. 1981)
      1. Laure Mortgat (1983)
      2. Isabelle-Marie Mortgat (1985)
  7. Princess Christine de Ligne, Princess of  Orléans-Braganza (1955) 
    1. Prince Antonio of Orléans-Braganza (m. 1981)
      1. Prince Pedro Luiz of  Orléans-Braganza (1983-2009)
      2. Princess Amelia of  Orléans-Braganza (1984) 
      3. Alexander James Spearman (1984, m. 2014)
        1. Alexander Joaquim Pedro Spearman(2016)
      4. Prince Rafael of  Orléans-Braganza  (1986)
      5. Princess Maria Gabriela of  Orléans-Braganza (1989)
  8. Princess Sophie de Ligne (1957) 
    1. Count Philippe de Nicolay (m. 1982)
      1. François de Nicolay, Count de Nicolay (1989)
      2. Guy de Nicolay, Count de Nicolay (1993)
  9. Prince Antoine Lamoral de Ligne (1959)
    1. Countess Jacqueline de Lannoy (m. 2001)
      1. Prince Louis de Ligne (2003)
      2. Princess Marie de Ligne (2004)
      3. Princess Florence de Ligne (2006)
  10. Princess Yolande de Ligne (1964)
    1. Hugo Townsend (1945, m. 1994)
      1. Marie Townsend (born 29 April 1995)
      2. George Townsend (born 16 March 1997)
      3. James Townsend (born 9 May 1998)
      4. Bartholomew Townsend (born May 2001)
He was educated in Luxembourg and the United Kingdom{Source}.He is an alum of Ampleforth College{Source}. During WWII, the heir apparent to the Luxembourg throne was evacuated to France before traveling to Canada, where he studied at Université Laval. During his time in Canada, he also traveled back to England, to join the British Army as a volunteer in the Irish Guards, where he was commisioned as a Lieutenant in March 1943, and was promoted as a captain in 1943.He took part in the Battle for Caen and the liberation of Brussels, as well as Luxembourg's liberation. After the war up until his 2000 abdication, he served as a Colonel in the of the Regiment of the Irish Guards (a position now held by Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge).After WWII up until his abdication, he would often be seen riding in uniform behind Queen Elizabeth during the Sovereign's Birthday Parade.

Upon his mother, Grand Duchess Charlotte's, abdication on 12 November 1964, he became Grand Duke of Luxembourg. His reign lasted from November 1964 to October 2000, upon his own abdication in favor of his son, now Grand Duke Henri.

He married Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005) in April 1953. Together, they had three sons and two daughters, as well as :
  1. Princess Marie-Astrid, Archduchess of Austria (1954)
    1. Archduke Carl Christian of Austria (1954)
      1. Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria, Countess of Limburg-Stirum (1983)
        1. Count Rodolphe de Limburg Stirum (1978, m. 2007)
          1. Count Léopold de Limburg-Stirum (2011)
          2. Count Constantin de Limburg-Stirum (2013)
          3. Count Gabriel de Limburg-Stirum (2016)
      2. Archduke Imre of Austria (1985)
        1. Archduchess Kathleen of Austria (1986, m. 2012)
          1. Archduchess Maria-Stella of Austria (2013)
          2. Archduchess Magdalena of Austria (2016)
      3. Archduke Christoph of Austria (1988)
        1. Archduchess Adélaïde of Austria (1989, m 2012)
          1. Archduchess Katarina of Austria (2014)
      4. Archduke Alexander of Austria (1990)
      5. Archduchess Gabriella of Austria (1994)
  2. Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg (1955)
    1. Grand Duchess Maria-Teresa of Luxembourg (1957, m. 1981)
    2. Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1981)
      1. Princess Stephanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1984, m. 2012)
    3. Prince Félix of Luxembourg (1984)
      1. Princess Claire of Luxembourg (1985, m.2012)
        1. Princess Amalia Gabriela Maria Teresa de Nassau (2013)
        2. Prince Liam Henri Hartmut de Nassau (2016)
    4. Prince Louis of Luxembourg (1986)
      1. Princess Tessy of Luxembourg (1985, m. 2007)
        1. Prince Noah de Nassau (2006)
        2. Prince Gabriel de Nassau (2007)
    5. Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg (1991)
    6. Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg (1992)
  3. Prince Jean of Luxembourg (1957)
      1. Hélène Suzanne Vestur Nassau (1958, m. 1985, div prior to 2009)
        1. Princess Marie-Gabrielle de Nassau (1986)
        2. Prince Constantin de Nassau (1988)
        3. Prince Wenceslas de Nassau (1990)
        4. Prince Carl-Johan de Nassau (1992)
      2. Countess Diane de Nassau (1962m, m. 2009)
  4. Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg, Princess of Liechtenstein (1957)
    1. Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein (1947, m. 1982)
      1. Prince Leopold Emmanuel Jean Marie of Liechtenstein (1984-1984)
      2. Princess Maria-Anunciata of Liechtenstein (1985)
      3. Princess Marie-Astrid of Liechtenstein (1987)
      4. Prince Josef-Emanuel of Liechtenstein (1989)
  5. Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (1963)
    1. Princess Sibilla of Luxembourg (1968, m. 1994)
      1. Prince Paul Louis de Nassau (1998)
      2. Prince Léopold de Nassau (2000, twin)
      3. Princess Charlotte de Nassau (b. Luxembourg (2000)
      4. Prince Jean André de Nassau (2004)

Grand Duke Jean has been awarded the following Honorary Doctoral Degrees{Source}:
  • University of Strasbourg (22 November 1957)
  • University of Miami (6 May 1979) 
  • Laval University, Quebec (May 29, 2007)

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